Offer them a cup of tea
In England and Wales, people have extensive rights to access private land so long as they don't interfere with the owner's lawful use of that land.
You have the right to access some land for walking or certain other leisure activities.
use public roads and pavements or public rights of way, for example ...
how can I make the bilateral sales contract in Practical Example 1 unilateral?
The contract would be unilateral if Practical Example 1 ("Alex offers (or promises) to sell his bicycle to Becky for £150 and Becky accepts, thereby promising to pay £150") were modified as follows:
Alex offers to sell his bicycle to Becky for £150, and Becky pays £150.
That is ...
How can B, who pretends to be C, be not B?
They can’t. However, that doesn’t matter. What matters is that A believes they are not B and, more importantly, B not being B is an implied (or explicit) term of the contract.
How does Innocent Misrepresentation differs from Mistake?
Ordinarily, an "innocent misrepresentation" is basically just one form of a mistake.
The term "misrepresentation" is normally used as a legal theory only for misrepresentations that are either negligent misrepresentations or intentionally misrepresentations, both of which give rise to tort remedies ...
why ought recoverability affect how the obligation broken would have been treated?
Because, according to Lord Mustill's assessment of Ruxley, when it comes to award of recovery there is only one measure of damage: the loss truly suffered by the promisee. There, he distinguishes between contracts for a purely commercial purpose and those which involve --at ...