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8

Import laws apply to the one who imports. In your scenario that is the person in country A only. The server owner does not cause the digital content to be transmitted to A. The one who downloads does.


5

Encryption is not a weapon. Encryption, or rather cryptographic technology and systems, is a munition. What makes it a munition is the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) managed by the U.S. Department of State. Weapons are a subset of munitions. Many U.S. laws grant authority to the executive branch to promulgate regulations for enforcement ...


4

There is something wrong-sounding about that claim. Owning a thing (such as a book) means that you can dispose of it however you want. If it is a physical book, then unless this is a book of top secret classified information, the US government has no control over the item, nor does the copyright holder have any right to prevent you from giving away your copy....


4

Serbia is not in the EU nor internal market, so when importing products you would have to follow specific product requirements, pay eventual import duties and internal taxes (VAT). I would recommend checking out the European Trade Helpdesk for more information about this. As both Hungary and Sweden are in the internal market it should be the exact same ...


3

You need to submit an application to the U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC), or State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), or the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) within the Department of Commerce, as applicable. It takes three to six months to get approval, which is not guaranteed. If you are giving it ...


3

Update (12/2/16) - Just received the following confirmation from Apple Export Compliance: The [redacted] app presently uploaded into your account CAN BE legally released to US and Canada only, it will not be necessary to go through Export Regulations. They have also rephrased the question "Does your app qualify for any of the exemptions...?" to the ...


2

I'll give the explanation for the thinking here. Since that is what you seem to be asking about. Please, don't take it to mean that I am endorsing this point of view. In the sword/shield analogy, encryption is the shield. No one has ever been killed with a bullet-proof vest, either. But a bullet-proof vest can be used to protect a criminal from being ...


2

I sense the classification of cryptography as a munition is a relic from the past. Cryptography has historically been the domain of the military Look at this NY Times article from 1996, for example. There it describes "boxes used to surf the World Wide Web" as weapons. Cryptography has historically been a major deal in warfare. Sending messages to ...


2

1: yes, if you legally export it and get the right paperwork. Which for cars you need anway. Practically you will loose some of the VAT for a refund company, OR spend a lot of time processing it - it is a lot easier with an export business set up. 2: Yes, because it is about the export of the car. But note that you will have to then REIMPORT the car into ...


2

For the actual legal situation you would need a lawyer, but I can tell you from personal experience that Apple's AppStore requires you to provide an "ITS Encryption Export Compliance Code" if you use encryption not provided by the operating system, and without that, your application will not be published. I assume they wouldn't do this if there was no legal ...


1

It's definitely enough to respond to requests the controller is sent - note this could be by any means, e.g. email, twitter if you operate an account, etc. The controller would still need to do appropriate identity checks. However a PDF isn't a suitable response to a data portability request. The format must be commonly-used, machine-readable and ...


1

The order (effective in a few hours) is here. There is no general list of reasons, though in a specific case one might be able to find evidence as to why a certain item was restricted. However, you also won't get a very specific list, instead you'll get a description of the kinds of goods and services that can't be exported. For instance, included are "...


1

To answer my own question: Since it seems there were no restrictions on the security of hash algorithms, and as it is technically possible to create a symmetric cipher using a hash algorithm, would it have been legal to export such a system without it being classified as munitions? It seems that this particular loophole was actually the subject of the ...


1

Familiarize yourself with the alcohol monopoly in Sweden Regarding the wine, you should familiarize yourself with the Swedish alcohol monopoly: In Sweden, only Systembolaget is allowed to sell wine. This means you first need to get the wine into Hungary legally (not sure about the legal requirements for that although you will have to pay duty). Then you have ...


1

From the OFAC website: Submitting an Application for a Specific License: Applicants must first select the type of application that will be submitted from the following choices: Application for authorization to travel to Cuba under a specific license. (Should your travel be authorized pursuant to a general license, do not submit an ...


1

I had to appeal the decision. Stating: I answered Yes to Question 2 because the app was only being released in Canada and the US. (Company Name) only intends to release the app “(app name)” in the U.S. and Canada. We will produce the approval documents in case we happen to release the app in other countries at a later point. I also added a document to ...


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