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2

An "action" is a term of art that basically means a lawsuit with a particular case number. Claims for relief within a single lawsuit with a single case number are not "actions" (even if none of the parties to the different claims overlap). It isn't unheard of for there to be multiple civil actions pending at the same time regarding ...


5

Those are two ways of referring to the same law. "INA 101" refers to it as a section of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 as amended; most changes to US immigration law since then have been amendments to that act. "8 US Code 1101" refers to it as a section of Title 8 of the US Code, an official compilation of US laws based on ...


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A federal court may dismiss a complaint sua sponte (i.e. without a request to do so from a party) if it is beyond its subject matter jurisdiction (a category of defenses including lack of standing) or fails to state a claim for relief on its face. A Motion to Dismiss filed in the case provides a roadmap for the judge to dismiss the entire case. It argues in ...


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