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12

There are both statutes and customs aimed at preventing "Malicious Prosecution" and "Abuse of Process." (In Pennsylvania, for example, the 1980 Dragonetti Act allows the victim of a frivolous lawsuit to counter-sue for compensatory damages.) One can also buy insurance against this type of risk: Umbrella liability policies will generally provide a defense ...


6

What do I do? Promptly hire a new lawyer. Dispute claims for fees to the extent that they were not earned or that no value was conferred.


5

The funding of public-service broadcasting in Germany was changed effective 2013-01-01. Under the current rules (Rundfunkbeitragsstaatsvertrag, in German), a monthly fee is to be paid for every single unit of housing (flat or single-family house), unless it is uninhabitated. It is otherwise immaterial how many people live there or whether any of them owns a ...


5

Can they legally charge this fee if it was not stated in the lease we signed? No. The landlord's conduct is in violation of Virginia Code § 55-248.7, which in its item G reads: No unilateral change in the terms of a rental agreement by a landlord or tenant shall be valid unless (i) notice of the change is given in accordance with the terms of the ...


5

There are a number of issues here. The question mentions: Taxes, which I presume must be authorized and regulated by the US Constitution, but I don't know the details Not exactly. The states existed before the Federal government. They are not created by the Federal Constitution, nor authorized by it. A number of restrictions on state powers and actions ...


4

You seem to have a few misconception as to the GEZ fee: whether you are a German citizen has no bearing on whether you need to pay since 2013, it does not matter whether you have a TV, radio, Internet device, or not has no bearing on whether you need to pay the fee. Every household needs to pay it 1 if you and your roommates were registered at your address,...


4

Even though as you found out calling is also sufficient, there is also a form available for this: Abmeldung der Wohnung/en One of the reasons listed is Ich ziehe dauerhaft ins Ausland (I am moving abroad) They ask for a Meldeamtliche Bescheinigung for this case. That's the deregistration notice.


4

To add to Nij's answer: You write I have not signed any paper document. You seem to assume that a binding contract can only be entered into in writing. This is wrong. In most countries (certainly in Germany), a binding contract generally does not require a written document. A contract can be entered into orally, or even silently ("Schlüssiges Handeln",...


4

If you want to get out, and are willing to lose $270, you can not sign the lease and demand a return of your security deposit. You could ask for a return of the other fees as well, but you are less likely to be successful. They would probably have trouble enforcing a security deposit against you if you didn't have a lease with them, and would probably have ...


4

Australian jurisdictions have overcome this by setting fines in ”penalty units” - they then periodically revise how much a penalty unit is.


4

with the new movement by some states to require voters to have identification to vote, and the fact that no state I know of provides free government issued ID (unless you are an employee) it seems that unless a state provided its residents with free access to state-issued ID, that requiring people to go pay for ID's needed to vote would be contrary ...


3

My understanding is that "for free" is simply "for free", but pro bono publico refers to a subset of free work aimed at certain recipients, specifically those unable to pay, or charitable, civic etc. organizations on behalf of such people, or (to a lesser extent) a worthy organization of limited means for free or reduced rates. So working for Bill Gates for ...


3

Well, there may be a statute in Chicago that makes this the law but at common law this is not true. A party to a contract has discretion to act or not act on a condition or breach of a condition by the other party. They can do this once or a dozen times without necessarily waiving their future entitlements. An exception is where they choose not to act all ...


3

probably, now it can be done online via : https://www.rundfunkbeitrag.de/buergerinnen_und_buerger/formulare/abmelden/index_ger.html


3

As a matter of contract law it would not be possible to enforce a requirement to pay legal fees without agreement. You could easily see how this would be problematic: one could just draft letters to hundreds or thousands of people and require them to pay the costs of composing the letter. My understanding is that this is common practice in the United States (...


3

Lawyers can be sanctioned for filing law suits they know have no merit. It's unethical and an abuse of due process. That said, there are plenty of legitimate reasons someone could find to file a law suit against you if they choose to make you their "pet project." The more business dealings you do with them, the more reasons they could potentially find to ...


3

The Howard League for Penal Reform, who I presume are well informed about the subject, issued a press release including the following: “There remains the problem of people who have had the criminal courts charge imposed on them, many of whom will simply not be able to pay. We call on magistrates to exercise compassion and common sense when these ...


3

The main reason is that there are very many computations of inflation rate. A legislature would have to decide on a specific method of computing inflation (for each fine), and would have to re-pass various laws to automatically adjust fees for inflation. It's politically simpler to pass an amendment to change a number, than to agree on a sketchy concept such ...


3

Taxes are not defined in the US Constitution nor as a general term by any federal statute, but a tax is considered to be a government assessment on property and transactions (e.g. import, sale, transfer of property), assessed to defray the cost of running a government. Governments also charge fees for specific services. Stemming from Proposition 218, ...


3

Some portions of your inquiry are confusing, as in "I insisted that we were going to continue to send money to the mortgage company if we don’t understand what the fees are for". It is unclear why you would continue to send money without understanding the reason for fees, especially since you purportedly sent "the complete payoff" already. What is an ...


3

Yes. If you do not pay your water bill to a city water service, your business is isn't going to be serving beverages any time soon. It does cost money to provide these services and a lot of utilities are provided by the government at a local level (or the company has some close government oversight). Failure to renew licenses required by law to operate ...


2

So, what I did was I spoke to my student council lawyer and he helped me fix the issue. We went and paid the bill in the money collector's office and it all got sorted. We also tracked the people who lived in this apartment before us and made them pay their share :)


2

EZ-Pass is an interstate consortium, so unless your "violation" was a summons citing a state Statute I would assume the "violations" were sent to you pursuant to the consortium's Terms and Conditions, making this a contract question (and something you would address accordingly, by either attempting to negotiate an agreement with the counterparty or waiting ...


2

Short Answer You need to go state by state. States regulate notaries and apostilles In the U.S., notaries are empowered and regulated at the state level. (I don't believe there is a such thing as a federal notary.) So your verification process must go state-by-state. Look for the Secretary of State web site With that said, each state has the ...


2

I am a landlord and not a lawyer. For this reason, I have not done any legal research, however, given my experience, I will answer with a short: No. Your landlord likely cannot do this. Here is my reasoning behind this. Each state law is different or course. I am answering as a licensed and bonded landlord and property manager in Pennsylvania and Maryland....


2

There are a couple of distinct subquestions involved. First, it is possible for a landlord to charge you without advanced notice or evidence? The answer to this is that usually the lease will authorize the landlord to do this, either by docking your security deposit or sending you a bill and threatening to evict you if you do not pay it. Either way, to ...


2

Any certified class action settlement has to be approved by a court. In principle, the primary objective of the court is to see that members of the injured class receive "appropriate" compensation. Fees awarded to the Lead Plaintiff and Counsel are (at least in principle) a separate question. Under both American and English Rule, a court must review and ...


2

When you registered for the assembly, it is almost certain that you agreed to a set of terms and conditions. Amongst these will be a clause stating that you will pay the fee or any penalties for late withdrawal. If the organiser thought it was worth the trouble and cost to chase this payment, you would have to prove that you did not agree to these terms ...


2

There is a mild indication that this is untrue in Illinois, here, which is from a Chicago law firm. They mention numerous legal restrictions on landlords including limits on late fees and the damages for illegal late fees. Given the level of detail included in their handbook, it is hard to imagine them forgetting to mention such a rule, if there were such a ...


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