Questions about the European Union General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (Regulation (EU) 2016/679) was adopted in 2016 and enters force starting 25 May 2018. It contains provisions for EU citizens and residents to control their personal data, which it explicit defines as:
Any information related to a natural person or ‘Data Subject’, that can be used to directly or indirectly identify the person. It can be anything from a name, a photo, an email address, bank details, posts on social networking websites, medical information, or a computer IP address.
The GDPR applies not only to EU organisations but also to organisations located outside of the EU if they offer goods or services to, or monitor the behaviour of, EU data subjects. It applies to all companies processing and holding the personal data of data subjects residing in the European Union, regardless of the company’s location.
Violators can be subject to fines.