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Where does outer space legally start? International law does not define the edge of space, or the limit of national airspace according to footnotes 2 and 3 of the Kármán line's Wikipedia entry. Footnote 15, referencing the book International Law: A Dictionary by Boleslaw Adam Boczek, offers this: The issue whether it is possible or useful to establish a ...


12

100km According to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale who are generally considered the record-keeping body on such matters, the Kármán line is where space begins and is rounded off to 100km above the Earth’s surface. Of course, this is a Sorites paradox definition because there is no line where Earth’s atmosphere ends. The ground is definitely inside ...


6

US laws generally prohibit a marriage if either person is currently in a valid marriage to a third person, whether in the US or anywhere else. If a current marriage is valid it must be ended by divorce or in some other way before a valid US marriage can occur. Marrying in the US while already married to another person is the crime of bigamy, and will also ...


5

Obviously you can refuse, nobody can force you to give them a new passport. There may be consequences. The worst: The company's country likely has laws that require the company to make sure you have the right to work there, and to have evidence of it. If you are an EU citizen in an EU country, a valid EU passport would be that evidence. When your passport ...


4

Ultimately all patents are issued by respective country patent offices. The PCT process is a pathway for patent applications to get to each location’s patent office. The choice of filing individually or via PCT process or regional schemes like the EPO is primarily based on cost, timing of making decisions about where to file, and convenience. The value of a ...


4

Google is an international company. It has employees in France. It has offices in France. It has costs and revenue in France. It has French subsidiaries, with French bank accounts. Google could absolutely try to ignore a French judgment against it, but the government could seize assets from their French bank accounts, and/or real property they have in the ...


3

A company's or brand's logo is often protected as a trademark. It may also be protected by copyright, unless it is so simple as not to be subject to copyright protection, unlike a name, which is normally not protected by copyright. But trademark protection is likely to be more important for the kind of use described in the question. One may not, in general, ...


3

The general rule under united-states law is that copyright is infringed when a copyrighted work, or any part of it, is copied or distributed without permission, or a new derivative work based on the copyrighted work is created or distributed without permission. There are several exceptions to this. There is, for example, a specific right to create a backup ...


2

Whatever else it may be, it isn't piracy. Piracy is covered by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, Part VII, and Article 101 defines it: Piracy consists of any of the following acts: (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft,...


2

No Or at least, not as of 8 December 2020.


1

Can non-US citizens outside the US commit information sharing crimes under ITAR? Yes. For example, one of the crimes is to “conspire” to commit one of the other crimes. Anyone, anywhere can do that. Can someone who does not have citizenship or permanent resident status in the US, nor live there, commit a crime in the eyes of the US government by requesting ...


1

Does The Treaty Apply? The Treaty says (in article VII not Article VI): Each State Party to the Treaty that launches or procures the launching of an object into outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and each State Party from whose territory or facility an object is launched, is internationally liable for damage to another State Party ...


1

I wonder whether the detained person (non-civilian) in transnational non-international armed conflict (NAIC) can be displaced to another country or not. Yes, in france in certain circumstances This answer is in response to this the France 24 article provided by the OP in a comment: Le Guen’s court case, which will end on Tuesday, is the first to test a law ...


1

In your quoted section of the rules we see: “subsidies that require recipients to meet certain export targets, or to use domestic goods…” These seem to be needed criteria for there to be a violation. Subsidizing research with those stipulations could violate the rules. It has nothing to do with patents or how remote the time frame or measurable the benefit....


1

I cannot find the Italian Criminal Code from 1968 to see whether they had, or had not, extraterritorial jurisdiction for the alleged offence of avoiding national taxation, but I have found this more modern reference that suggests they might have it nowadays if the conditions are right: Italy does not have general extraterritorial jurisdiction, although ...


1

The practical terms stopping it being copied are that it's entirely pointless to do so. At least I assume it is- you've yet to demonstrate any reason to. I get the impression that this is about violating DRM, or some other shenanigans with the game software. These are not covered by copyright law but are likely to be against the TOS (which is why you're so ...


1

Does a court have to accept evidence produced by another country if it becomes available during a trial? For a Court it is not a matter of native or foreign evidence. For a Court it is whether the evidence is ‘admissible in law’ or ‘inadmissible in law’. There are Rules for deciding the whether something is really ‘evidence’. Hence, for a Court first of all ...


1

May a court of the State of California or the U.S. dissolve the marriage if either one of them files for divorce at? If either party has resided in California for the requisite period of time under California law, a California court may dissolve the marriage. (Federal courts almost never have jurisdiction over a divorce and child custody case, outside the ...


1

What are the subjects labeled as? Enemy soldier combatants? Common criminal? The wording of the charges, taken from the Department of Justice's press release, suggests they are both common criminals and terrorists (allegedly): Kotey and Elsheikh are each charged with: conspiracy to commit hostage taking resulting in death four counts of hostage taking ...


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