36

Reports I've seen are that these seed shipments have false customs declarations, claiming that they contain something else, e.g. this one which was declared as "ring". That would violate 18 USC 542: Whoever enters or introduces, or attempts to enter or introduce, into the commerce of the United States any imported merchandise by means of any ...


15

We have an intersection of two very different effects. Agricultural import laws This is an area of law that normally, consumers have no reason to deal with. However the laws apply to absolutely everyone connected with import of biological items like this. Of course a recipient of unsolicited seeds has no reason to have learned any of this. What scientists ...


6

Westphalian Sovereignty Israel has decided that this is the law in Israel and they are the only one who gets a say in this. The concept of the modern nation-state can trace its origins to the Treaty of Westphalia (possibly - there is disagreement among historians and political scientists but for our purposes we'll just let them get on with it) which ended ...


3

This is a tricky question on the intersection of visa and tax laws. It is tricky because every country can make its own rules that apply when you are in that country or do business in that country. Even within the EU, there is no uniform approach because freedom of movement merely covers the right to work in a country, but not the rules which have to be ...


3

The whole institution of marriage is subject to arbitrary interpretation/twisting within/by any sovereign jurisdiction. Countries are normally within their rights to recognise marriages subject to any conditions they like, or even completely repudiate the institution of marriage altogether. Is there an international law to protect his/her rights to marry to ...


2

Ordinarily, these matters are governed by the Vienna Convention on Succession of States in respect of Treaties ("the Convention"). Assuming Ruritania ratified the Convention One could conceivably argue that Evilstan colonised Ruristan and therefore under Article 16 of the Convention, New Ruristan receives a "clean slate". This means it is ...


2

The law originated under the Ottoman Empire from a general principle of Islamic law regarding dhimmi, non-Muslims in a Muslim state subject to that state's legal protection. Where Shari`ah governs certain aspects of life (marriage, inheritance, contract) for Muslims, each religious community can have their own system of laws. The practice dates back to the ...


2

There are two "international law" courts, the ICC and ICJ. The ICC is generally for crimes, for example, it is currently investigating for Israel for "war crimes" against Palestine. The ICJ makes more sense here, as it can deal with individuals whose rights are supposedly being violated by states. But member states need to first accept ...


2

You're largely correct, though there's some vocabulary you're using that could go either way in terms of proper understanding. My comments on your understanding, presuming we're dealing with two Berne countries (UCC is largely irrelevant these days): My understanding of copyright is that it grants the author an exclusive right to distribute their work in ...


1

GDPR chapter 5 which discusses international transfers applies to: transfer of personal data which are undergoing processing or are intended for processing after transfer to a third country Since you are merely communicating with the data subject but are not exporting the data for processing, I think you can largely set the rules on international transfers ...


1

Duties and Fees are not the same thing Duties are levied by states on imports. Fees are charged for providing a service. I can charge you a fee for importing a product irrespective of if I have to pay duty or not.


1

There is no copyrighting names There are personality rights and trademark issues Personality rights are easy - Nietzsche is dead, he doesn’t have any. Trademarks (which can be registered or common-law) apply to business usage and are limited by geography and product time. If no one is already using the name for your product in your market, you can.


1

The exchange rates that you are looking for is reported at this Department of Treasury website. Historical rates are available at a website linked to on this Department of Treasury page. Resources from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service regarding how to apply these laws is found at the IRS website, which strictly speaking applies only to federal taxes and not ...


1

The premise of the question is wrong: The U.S. has no authority or means to compel a company not under its jurisdiction to send it taxes taxes. Furthermore, the U.S. government has no general "consumption tax." Many (but not all) states and municipalities have different "sales and use tax" rates, and different goods and services to which ...


1

They are legal on the face of it but very hard to regulate as they have to be shown to exist to begin with and have a discernable effect. Although there have been attempts like the Unlawful Societies Act 1799 or the declarations requirements for Masons (phased out in England but still applicable in Scotland particularly for the Scottish Parliament and ...


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