33 votes
Accepted

Do armed residents engaging in self-defense count as civilians during armed conflict?

T became a combatant by spontaneously picking up arms For simplicity, I will call T Ted from now on. Assuming that the assailants of the armed forces were following the rules of law, Ted became a ...
Trish's user avatar
  • 37.3k
28 votes
Accepted

Is it illegal to give false information about a person to a foreign-based telemarketer?

The first point is that citizenship is not the controlling issue, jurisdiction is. A US citizen in Saudi Arabia is subject to Saudi law, a Saudi citizen in the US is subject to US law. I assume the ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
26 votes

What is the maximum number of countries in which one can simultaneously be tax resident?

Sample answer: Be a US citizen - automatic US tax residency Own a UK property and live there for 91 days to gain UK tax residency Spend 60 days in India plus a total of 365 days over the previous 4 ...
user3490's user avatar
  • 395
25 votes

In what way are Jewish settlements illegal?

In what way are Jewish settlements illegal? This has been debated many times at the UN. One of (?) the most recent is United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 which held that Israel's ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,526
18 votes
Accepted

Is there such a thing as specific agents/officers legally pursuing international criminals across borders?

european-union Various EU countries have agreements on cross-border law enforcement. This may include joint patrols, with authority switching between the officers depending on which side of the ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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15 votes
Accepted

Is it legally plausible that Israel could be guilty of genocide against Palestinians?

An individual might be prosecuted for genocide, a country cannot be. For example, Jean-Paul Akayesu, Jean Kambanda, Ratko Mladic, Radovan Karadžic, Nicolae and Elena Ceaușescu, Hissène Habré, Khieu ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
15 votes

In what way are Jewish settlements illegal?

Re: "What was the previous status or ownership of most of that land? That they are described as settlements suggests to me that they were previously unsettled." Palestinian villages are in ...
Eugene's user avatar
  • 1,992
15 votes

What happens if someone requests asylum in Vatican City?

Dale's answer is correct in theory, but in practice, it depends. If the refugee is specifically claiming that they are subject to persecution by Italy, then the principle of non-refoulement prohibits ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 4,429
13 votes
Accepted

Is capital punishment for prisoners of war legal?

Under Art. 99 of the Geneva Convention, No prisoner of war may be tried or sentenced for an act which is not forbidden by the law of the Detaining Power or by international law, in force at the time ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
12 votes

Is there such a thing as specific agents/officers legally pursuing international criminals across borders?

canadaturks-and-caicos-islands See the scenario adjudicated in R. v. Hape, 2007 SCC 26. The Supreme Court of Canada quoted a principle of international law from I. Brownlie, Principles of Public ...
Jen's user avatar
  • 51.4k
11 votes

Is it legally plausible that Israel could be guilty of genocide against Palestinians?

While Genocide is defined as a crime, and crimes require human defendants, certainly a nation can be de facto guilty of a crime. No one discussing the Turkish Armenian Genocide today is very ...
Tiger Guy's user avatar
  • 6,194
10 votes

Is capital punishment for prisoners of war legal?

Yes There have been many examples of such trials, the most famous being the Nuremberg trials following World War II. While some of the defendants were civilians, many were service personnel and ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
9 votes

International Validity of Power of Attorney Document requiring multiple signatures, individuals sign asynchronously with asynchronous notarization

Yes. This is legal and it is done routinely. It is called executing a document in counterparts. To be clear, however, as the language of the question is ambiguous on this point, each signature would ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 206k
9 votes

Is there such a thing as specific agents/officers legally pursuing international criminals across borders?

No Law enforcement agencies generally cooperate with each other. This cooperation may be liaison, sharing data, on-the-ground assistance (particularly from more developed to less developed countries), ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
9 votes
Accepted

Can you initiate a lawsuit against Russia in the United States to recover seized assets?

Is it possible for an average person who happens to possess Russian dividend-paying shares, such as those of Gazprom, to initiate a lawsuit against the Russian government in U.S. courts to assert ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 206k
9 votes

What is the legal way to expel diplomats from a country under the Vienna convention?

Article 39(2): When the functions of a person enjoying privileges and immunities have come to an end, such privileges and immunities shall normally cease at the moment when he leaves the country, or ...
cpast's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Are parole agreements between PoWs and their captors legally binding?

Article 21 of the Geneva Convention provides a modern framework for parole. According to the Geneva Convention offers of parole must conform to the laws of both countries and at the onset of ...
Charles E. Grant's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Can just anybody sign the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea?

Acts such as signing a treaty are done under the auspices of the treaty "depositary", in this case the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNCLOS Article 319). The depositary's ...
alexg's user avatar
  • 5,820
8 votes
Accepted

Does the Order of Malta have the right to register ships?

Flying a flag indicates your country. If you fly any naval ensign or flag at the stern or topmast, you declare "I am part of this nation, my ship is to be treated as territory of this country&...
Trish's user avatar
  • 37.3k
8 votes

Do armed residents engaging in self-defense count as civilians during armed conflict?

T is an enemy combatant. According to the Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law, civilians who directly participate in hostilities temporarily lose their protection. This means that they can be lawfully ...
IKnowNothing's user avatar
  • 2,293
7 votes
Accepted

To what degree can Interpol agents take part in an international pursuit?

What agents? Contrary to the common idea due to frequent portrayals in popular media, Interpol is not a supranational law enforcement agency and has no agents with arresting powers. Instead, it is an ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 36.9k
7 votes

is it legal to monetize a translation of a foreign song

Most copyright questions at this site are close. This one is not. Your work, in any of the permutations you suggested, would clearly infringe the copyright of the original song copyright owners as a ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 206k
6 votes
Accepted

On the legality of stopping a foreign ship and seizing goods

The United Nations Security Council made Resolution 2216 on 14 April 2015, and reaffirmed the key provisions recently in Resolution 2675 of 15 February 2023 (see the reference in paragraph 1). ...
alexg's user avatar
  • 5,820
6 votes

What services is it a war crime to cut off or eliminate access to?

Article 8, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court For the purpose of this Statute, ‘war crimes’ means: ... b. Other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international ...
bdb484's user avatar
  • 58.2k
6 votes

What happens if someone requests asylum in Vatican City?

The claim would be processed according to domestic (Vatican City) law and international convention The Vatican City is not a "highly unusual country" in any legal sense. Yes, it's an ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
5 votes

Happened in Australia, tried in Spain?

The question isn't "In which court is this going to be tried?". The question is (for each potential court): "Does this court have jurisdiction over the matter, and does the court deem ...
Arno's user avatar
  • 1,429
5 votes

Who really owns extraterrestrial objects?

No one does and no one can The Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, more conveniently ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
5 votes
Accepted

Question about a footnote referred to Security Council Resolution 1244 in The ABC of EU LAW

Here is the full paragraph from the paper you cite along with its footnote: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania have official candidate status, which was granted in 2009 and 2014, ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 36.9k
5 votes
Accepted

In what way are Jewish settlements illegal?

This appears to be summed up from the Wikipdia articles West Bank Legal Status, Israel 1967 Occupied Territories, and Israeli Occupation of Palestine, but I will organize and summarize: From 1517 to ...
Mooing Duck's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Is it always illegal to place troops and operate weapons in civilian-populated areas during a war?

No Deliberately targeting civilians is a war crime. All sides must take measures to separate as far as possible military targets from population centres. While it is accepted that civilian casualties ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k

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