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2 votes

Has "ideological payment" or "emotional payment" qualified someone as a mercenary in a Western or international court of law?

If your motivation isn’t material, you aren’t a mercenary Under the International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries, 4 December 1989: A mercenary is any ...
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0 votes

i just got hired

Generally, it’s legal to have (or be) trans-national employees However, there are taxation, legal, safety and other complications that your employer may be unwilling to deal with. They are on board ...
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3 votes

Would the EU's common security and defense policy force the entire EU to war with Russia if Ukraine joins?

Yes, for most of them. Article 42.7 TEU If a Member State is the victim of armed aggression on its territory, the other Member States shall have towards it an obligation of aid and assistance by all ...
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1 vote

Would the EU's common security and defense policy force the entire EU to war with Russia if Ukraine joins?

Probably not First, going to war is primarily a political, not a legal decision. Even if a treaty clearly requires a country to do something, they can always break the treaty and the consequences are ...
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1 vote

Diplomatic law and car plates

For an embassy located in the US, the embassy should report the theft to the police. The most recent diplomatic note just said “police report”, but a 2009-2017 archive said that this could be local ...
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1 vote

How is the GNU Unifont and other bitmap fonts public domain?

Bitmap fonts are not protected by copyright under US law, which means that you can't sue for copyright infringement in US federal courts, and you can't be sued in the US. It doesn't matter what ...
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2 votes
Accepted

Are Wagner militants considered combatants under the IHL?

The relevant conventions tried to discourage the traditional mercenary business model, but they also try to avoid loopholes in their rules. Under command by and authorized by Russia? Yes. Wearing ...
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0 votes

If a US citizen murders a fellow citizen in a foreign country, where does the trial happen?

Let’s say you are a US citizen and are at least under strong suspicion that you murdered another US citizen while in Germany. Germany would take you to court for the crime (as for any murder on German ...
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4 votes

Can a foreign name change document be accepted by US government institutions?

Each state, each local government, and each government agency can make their own rules on this question (if it was another U.S. state, a provision called the "full faith and credit clause" ...
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0 votes

employee contract methods for working in multiple countries

Nothing special other than saying it is required in the contract. For example, such contracts are typical for airplane pilots and flight attendants. The hard questions are not what a contract has to ...
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28 votes
Accepted

Could the President, Senate, and a foreign country circumvent the House to pass a law?

Yes. The leading case relevant to the question is Missouri v. Holland, 252 U.S. 416 (1920), in which the U.S. Supreme Court held that a self-executing bird migration treaty could override state law. ...
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7 votes

Could the President, Senate, and a foreign country circumvent the House to pass a law?

Limits on the subject matter of a treaty are not specified in the Constitution, so we don't know how the Supreme Court will rule, were this to happen. This note tells us what little the court has said....
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15 votes

Could the President, Senate, and a foreign country circumvent the House to pass a law?

It depends on the wording and topic of the treaty. Some treaties are considered self-effectuating but others are not. If provisions are not self-effectuating, domestic law must be enacted for those ...
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2 votes

Receiving transactions to a company bank account located in a different country

Yes Most, if not all, banks that have a presence in two or more countries can transfer funds between accounts. See this article from Money Supermarket on "Products to help your business transfer ...
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2 votes
Accepted

contradictory laws

united-states Those are two separate questions: a), b). Please don't ask two questions at once. I'll cover your 1st question. If there are multiple laws in a country [...] that contradict each ...
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1 vote

Are there any countries without copyright?

According to the Wikipedia article "List of countries' copyright lengths" the only country currently having no copyright law is the Marshall Islands, and that country is said to have a non-...
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2 votes

Are works created by US government employees in the performance of their duties treated as public domain outside the US?

Also note that not all jurisdictions have a concept of public domain. Many European countries do not, as copyright ownership renounces are void (but not transfers). However, you can forfeit all ...
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4 votes

Which country's laws apply to a company in country A hiring remote workers in country B?

The laws of both countries apply
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2 votes

If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Bir Tawil has no settled population, but members of the Ababda and Bishari tribes pass through the region. Both are nomadic Sunni Muslim people with very traditional worldviews. Their de facto control ...
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5 votes

Are works created by US government employees in the performance of their duties treated as public domain outside the US?

In 1977, the US put the question of whether it could enforce US government copyrights in other nations to the members of the Universal Copyright Convention; in 1981, https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/...
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0 votes

Do international sanctions have an impact on Open Source Software?

You can't make it illegal under copyright law to distribute the software. But copyright law is not the only law. If your government says "export this software to North Korea or Russia, and we ...
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21 votes
Accepted

Are works created by US government employees in the performance of their duties treated as public domain outside the US?

There are several official and unofficial sources that say that the public domain status of works of the US Federal Government only applies within the US. Specifically: "Government Works" on ...
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3 votes

Are works created by US government employees in the performance of their duties treated as public domain outside the US?

Are works created by the USA government employees in the performance of their duties in public domain outside the USA? Yes (under U.S. law). The U.S. government does not have a copyright under U.S. ...
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3 votes
Accepted

If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Many countries have ratified or at least signed the statute of the International Criminal Court, also called the Rome Statute. It defines Universal Jurisdiction for a set of severe crimes. Suspects of ...
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-1 votes

If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Make a list of all countries in alphabetical order, then check for each country if according to their laws they’d want to prosecute this crime. If you find one or more countries where the answer is “...
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2 votes

If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Unfortunately, this is an impractically humongous research task, since it involves researching the legal systems of hundreds of jurisdictions, many of which are very difficult to research (for example,...
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2 votes

Do I need to get transit permits for an unmanned circumnavigating ship?

There are no permits required to sail the oceans. You would be strictly liable for a collision at sea because SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) agreements include watchstanding requirements, which your ...
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0 votes

Is it true that the UK head of state does not require a passport to travel?

To take the case of the US, 8 USC 1185(a) says that Unless otherwise ordered by the President, it shall be unlawful— (1) for any alien to depart from or enter or attempt to depart from or enter the ...
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1 vote

Is it true that the UK head of state does not require a passport to travel?

My understanding is that officially a passport is document issued by the origin state extending the protection of that state to the individual the holds it. Originally it would only be given to ...
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