The decision in In re Japanese Electronics, 631 F.2d 1069 (3d Cir. 1980). Critically, the procedural posture of the case was that:
Fourteen of the defendants moved to strike the demands, arguing that
the case is too large and complex for a jury. The district court
denied their motion, concluding that the seventh amendment does not
recognize the ...
In Japanese Electronics, both sides have rights that are equally protected by the Constitution. The court then had to decide which motion to grant. In a criminal prosecution, the prosecution and the defendant do not have equal rights: while the defendant has a Constitutional right to a jury trial, the prosecution has no right pertaining to jury versus bench ...