46 votes
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Pretending to be from the "Freedom to Breathe Agency": impersonating an officer?

The clause you highlighted has an "or" in front of it: "..., or in such pretended character...". It's only one alternative. Demanding or obtaining money, etc, is sufficient to ...
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35 votes
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What does it mean to "pirate" a game, app, or other digital resource?

While software is often the subject of pirating, the term is also used generally for unauthorized use of any copyrighted material. It turns out that this terminology is very old. Wikipedia notes that ...
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  • 130k
34 votes
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Is it illegal to ask someone to commit a misdemeanor? What is this called?

This is called solicitation. A person is guilty of solicitation to commit a crime if with the purpose of promoting or facilitating its commission he commands, encourages or requests another person to ...
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  • 43.4k
32 votes
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Equivalent of "illegal" for violating civil law

The term "illegal" is also often used for actions that the law prohibits, but that give rise to civil liability, rather than criminal prosecution. We see such use a lot in questions on Law.SE. One ...
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  • 89.8k
31 votes
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What does a default judgement mean in the Alex Jones case

A default judgment is a judgment in favor of a party when the opposing party has failed to do something that is required, such as appear before the court. In this instance, defendant's failure was to ...
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  • 157k
28 votes

How does Australia split its legal profession?

In many Common Law nations, the distinction between solicitor and barrister is that the solicitors traditionally have direct access to clients and do much of the paperwork and discuss the planning ...
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  • 16.3k
26 votes
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What does "circumstantial evidence" mean in criminal procedure?

Overview The term "circumstantial evidence" refers to evidence that does not directly establish the elements of the crime, but that permits the finder of fact to draw inferences about what ...
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  • 89.8k
25 votes
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Is there a common name for lawyers and judges?

Jurist (in the American sense) means a lawyer, judge, or other expert in law. From Google Search:
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  • 372
25 votes
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How to interpret or parse this confusing 'NOT' and 'AND' legal clause

It says They shall not confer the right [[to attend any meeting of members] and [to exercise one vote for every share held]]. The elements joined by a conjunction such as "and" should be ...
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  • 24.6k
24 votes

Equivalent of "illegal" for violating civil law

“Illegal” is not limited to criminal matters Illegal and unlawful are synonymous and refer to any conduct which is in breach of any law. So: Murder is illegal and a crime Stopping in a No Stopping ...
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  • 148k
22 votes

Copyright in copyleft licence?

No. GPL works are copyrighted (as are most creative works basically everywhere in the world, as soon as they're created, whether or not the author does anything about it), and copyright is what gives ...
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  • 389
21 votes

Looking for a law textbook that defines legal terms

Black's Law Dictionary is the leading publication of that type (the online version is based upon the out of copyright second edition, while the current version is the 11th edition from 2019), although ...
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  • 130k
19 votes

Copyright in copyleft licence?

GPL does not purport that there is no copyright in a work to which the license applies: the works are still in copyright. It relies on the notion of copyright (which it redefines to include "similar ...
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  • 157k
19 votes
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What is the nature and purpose of the UK highway code?

The Highway Code is a Ministerial Direction that brings together in one place for easy reference legislational requirements (by the the use of "must" and "must not") and general ...
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  • 20.9k
18 votes

Is there a common name for lawyers and judges?

Lawyers and judges are both Legal Professionals
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17 votes
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Are only citizens "at the time of the adoption of this Constitution" eligible to be President?

No, it means the following are eligible: Natural born citizens Citizens of the United States, at the time of the adoption of the constitution The second part was to allow people that were citizens ...
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17 votes

What is a municipal court?

It depends on the state. Unlike France, a unitary nation, American Federalism typically means States may define different legal concepts differently. In California for example, Municipal courts ...
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17 votes

What do the different abbreviations after lawyer names mean?

"Esq" Is short for "Esquire" which was once the lowest level of the English system of titles for nobility and gentry (originally an esquire was a sort of apprentice knight, and ...
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  • 89.8k
17 votes

Legal/jurisprudential term to refer to any evidence that can be interpreted either way

Is there such a phrase in jurisprudential or legal thought? In those instances it is common to say that the evidence is inconclusive. Accordingly, it is unavailing because that evidence does not ...
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16 votes
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What is it called when a country's laws apply to its citizens outside the country?

You are looking for extraterritorial jurisdiction: As the term indicates, it connotes the exercise of jurisdiction, or legal power, outside territorial borders. This can include nations claiming ...
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  • 3,189
16 votes
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What, if any, is the legal meaning of the term "benefit of the doubt?"

Normally, the term "benefit of the doubt", if it was used, would mean that ambiguities should be resolved in favor of the person entitled to it. This could be applied to contract ...
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16 votes
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How does Australia split its legal profession?

According to this Australian source the terms have the same meaning as every other jurisdiction I am familiar with: Barristers are lawyers, but not all lawyers are barristers.
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  • 20.9k
15 votes

What exactly is a "title of nobility" under the US Constitution?

Overview Generally speaking the Titles of Nobility clauses in Article I, Sections 9 and 10 of the U.S. Constitution, were aimed at barring hereditary grants of special privileges which is what it ...
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  • 130k
15 votes
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Law case title convention: Why sometimes not "Plaintiff v. Defendant"?

In appellate cases, the party appealing is called the "petitioner", and the other party is called the "respondent". These cases are listed Petitioner v. Respondent. In your example, Twombly was the ...
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  • 3,874
14 votes
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Why are there so many youtube to mp4 and mp3 download websites online when it is illegal?

It is, in most jurisdictions, not a crime to download YouTube videos. For criminal law, the answer is that it is not illegal. In many jurisdictions, downloading music or video of any kind from the ...
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14 votes

What does the long underscore in United States case citations stand for?

Underscores are often used to indicate that the particular case has not yet been assigned to a specific volume (preceding the reporter abbreviation) or page (following the reporter abbreviation). In ...
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  • 11.6k
13 votes
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Why are magisterial judges not addressed with "your majesty?"

tl;dr: The terms have separate etymologies. Majesty derives from greatness, while magistrate comes from mastering something (people or a trade). Majesty Middle English (in the sense 'greatness of ...
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  • 5,914
13 votes

How does Australia split its legal profession?

Lawyer is perfectly fine Lawyer is a catch-all term for both barristers and solicitors.
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  • 148k
12 votes

Extradition without treaties?

So is it correct to assume here "extradition" is not used in its most technical sense? It sounds like rather than actual extradition, these cases are about illegal activities in Thailand and ...
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  • 2,721
12 votes
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Are slander and defamation the same thing?

Slander is one of two main categories of defamation, the other of which is libel. Historically, slander applied to oral statements, while libel applied to statements in writing. The modern trend is to ...
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