10

Issue in this sense means a person's children or other lineal descendants such as grandchildren and great-grandchildren. It does not mean all heirs, but only the direct bloodline.


9

That's probably not a violation of that rule...but that's not your biggest problem. The most reasonable interpretation of that line in the terms is that you can't use a bot or do anything that looks kind of like using a bot. So if you and all your friends used a script to enter your picks for you, that wouldn't be allowed. Manually entering picks based on ...


7

A subpoena is a kind of court order. Specifically it is an order to a particular person to appear and testify at a particular time and place. In many but not all cases, the order also requires that person to bring specified records or documents along. That is known as a subpoena duces tecum. In some cases this is used to, order the production of documents ...


6

It means that the scholar (presumably you) and the guarantor/surety should each write their initials in that space, i.e. the first letters of their first and last names. John Smith would write "JS". This is a common way of acknowledging that you have read and understood the text on the page.


5

You are absolutely allowed to discuss or describe or criticizes software (or books or other copyrighted or trademarked things) without any permission from the copyright holder or trademark holder. This includes teaching people how to use those things. You may not, however, copy protected software without permission. For example you could not include a CD ...


4

While it is hard to say with respect to the exact phrasing and psychology, this is one common way to pose what is called a "leading question" which is usually only allowed in cases of cross-examination or examinations of a hostile witness. A leading question is a question which clearly suggests an answer. The reason that leading questions are ...


4

A subpoena is a kind of court order, specifically one requiring the recipient to provide information to the court. A subpoena can be an appropriate order for a company to provide information to the court about one of its users. For example, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society filed a subpoena to compel Reddit to turn over information related to one of its ...


4

Generally an affirmative defense raises some ground other than an element of the offense or civil claim, such as justification (e.g. self-defense), privilege (I'm a soldier acting under lawful orders so I'm immune from liability), the invalidity of a law, statute of limitations, insanity, a pardon, bankruptcy, a settlement agreement, or payment of the amount ...


3

Yes, but the difference is in nuance, not substance Illegal means “not according to or authorized by law” and lists unlawful as a synonym. Unlawful means “not lawful” with illegal as a synonym. So, by definition, they mean the same thing and can be used interchangeably. Illegal does carry a slight hint of being more egregious than unlawful and would be more ...


3

The primary legal division is that you can lawfully talk about intellectual property (such talking becomes your intellectual property), and you can only redistribute intellectual property with the permission of the owner. (A contractual non-disclosure agreement is irrelevant, because you aren't an Apple employee obligae=ted to not talk about the new system ...


3

This is just saying that if they can’t host your event then the only remedy you get is your money back that your paid them (your deposit, advance payments, and of course your don’t owe final payments). It is there to make it clear that they are not responsible of any other money. What else might the client want them to refund? Other lost expenses. Non ...


3

I believe that you will find something similar to this idea in the philosophy of John Locke. Locke was an early advocate of the governmental separation of powers, and his political works significantly influenced several of the framers of the US Constitution. (See Gary Willis, Explaining America for more on this.) There was also a maxim, several times quoted ...


3

In this context, the phrase "use all means necessary and appropriate" should be viewed as a single phrase rather than words in isolation, and it essentially simply confers discretion on the President to decide what is necessary and appropriate, rather than being a limiting direction. The word "appropriate" is included in the phrase to ...


3

Put most simply: A "score" is the examination score for a job candidate who performed well enough to be considered for a position. It is more helpful to think of it as the candidate himself. "Certifying" a score mostly just means that the commission transmits the score to the hiring officer and promises that it's accurate. So whenever ...


3

You are in court defending yourself because someone claims you did X and you should be punished for it or pay damages. A defense is you saying “I didn’t do X”. An affirmative defence is either you saying “Even if I did X, I was allowed to do it”, or “Even if I did X and even if I wasn’t allowed to do it, I shouldn’t be punished for it”.


2

Forensic in this context means "relating to courts of law." Practicability includes viability, achievability and attainability among its synonyms. One way of rephrasing the paragraph: The non- conviction of the blameless should be a pervasive principle of substantive criminal law limited only by the need to theorize and practise criminal law as a ...


2

Is there any such kind of maxim/quote/aphorism/idk? Not really. The criticism in that website and the phrase are misguided. "Interpreting the law" has different connotations depending on who makes the interpretation and the purpose therefor. When the legislature alleges that its provision(s) is(are) compliant with the Constitution, the legislature ...


2

Tortfeasor A wrongdoer; an individual who commits a wrongful act that injures another and for which the law provides a legal right to seek relief; a defendant in a civil tort action. https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/tortfeasor


2

Agent All actions of a company must, of necessity, be made by a natural person because companies are legal fictions - the law treats them as if they are real but they aren't. When a person acts for somebody else, the relevant branch of law is agency law - that person is an agent of the company principal.


2

What Does Enact Mean? "Enact" means that a legislative body has finally passed a proposed law (a.k.a. a "bill") or proposed ordinance in a legislative capacity, causing it to become a law (a.k.a. an "act") or ordinance, rather than merely a proposal to pass a law or ordinance. Your local council could enact an ordinance that was ...


2

In English and Welsh law, they mean the same thing. Those who help others commit crimes have been known by a number of different legal terms: accessories, secondary parties, or accomplices.2 These terms all mean the same thing. 2 At one point the common law distinguished between principals in the second degree (those who were assisting the principal and ...


2

Not really. There are very specific subfields that have that kind of practice (e.g. oil and gas title opinions, or trust and estates inheritance rules). But none of the fields you mention have any well established "industry standard" methods. This isn't to say that no one uses diagrams, and some textbooks use good ones. But there isn't any widely ...


1

Is the word "enact" only used for laws passed by Parliament i.e. an Act of Parliament? Can you use the word enact for delegated legislation? Informally, if you were to use "enact" for both, people would understand what you meant. If it matters at all, it's only going to be in contexts where you want to be technically accurate. Short ...


1

A person who contributed code to a github-based project, or indeed to any similar informal project, can freely reuse, modify or share that code, unless the person had promised not to in a contract or binding agreement. Many projects on Github are under open source licenses, where such agreements are not used. The question seems to indicate that no such ...


1

A subpoena is usually issued in the context of a court case, although, in many states, particularly those that do not routinely use grand juries in all felony cases, prosecuting attorneys and certain state regulatory agencies also have subpoena power (as does Congress, at the federal level). Unlike a court order, which must be approved by a judge, a subpoena ...


1

In the united-states, it is unlawful to discriminate on the grounds of race in the provision of employment, in the financing, sale, or rental of housing, public transport (such as trains or buses) and in providing access to "public accommodations" such as restaurants, theaters, and public buildings such as city halls, museams, adn police stations. ...


1

The UN General assembly is pretty clearly not a "legislature". That word means a body empowered to make binding laws, which neither the UN as a whole nor the GA is. I have seen the UN as a whole called an "international organization" and an "inter-governmental organization". I have not seen any discussion of the proper term for ...


1

Yes However, in Australia there has been a dedicated push to reduce the use of Latin terms to those that have entered the general English vernacular or that refer to specific procedures in the legal system. So it’s OK for a lawyer to use de facto or certiorari but frowned upon (as in, the judge will usually say “In English, please”) to use de die in diem.


1

I have never seen this term used in English or American jurisprudence (or at all, for that matter in English). The usual English translation for the legal term "predial" (also spelled "praedial"), which is used mostly in Louisiana and the Caribbean would be "agricultural". For example, "agricultural larceny" or "...


1

What does this mean in this engagement letter? The statement means that you will not oppose your lawyer's legal entitlement to (1) reimbursement of litigation costs he incurred and (2) payment (i.e., fees) for his services in the event that the lease is terminated. Since the clause is in terms of "assigns", it purportedly refers to recovering from ...


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