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In some jurisdictions, California probably being the most well-known in the US, there are Anti-SLAPP (Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation) statutes, which allow a defendant to file an anti-SLAPP claim (for sake of clarity I'm going to keep calling that person the "defendant") when the plaintiff's suit appears to have been filed for the purpose of ...


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TL;DNR: YES! A "motion to dismiss" a suit asks the Court do exactly what you say. It asks the Court to dismiss the suit as legally invalid, even if the facts alleged in the suit are correct. A motion to dismiss is usually filed in response to the initial complaint. A defendant can ask for dismissal on a variety of grounds. These range from, "this court ...


1

If you are thinking of an action that can be taken beforehand, a declaratory judgement might be what you are looking for. Taking the example from the article: If company A is producing something and company B thinks this is infringing on one of their patents, company A does not have to wait for B to sue them. Instead they can ask a court to declare that they ...


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