Under 45 CFR 164.502,
A covered entity or business associate may not use or disclose
protected health information, except as permitted or required by this
subpart or by subpart C of part 160 of this subchapter
PHI is defined in 45 CFR 160.103:
Protected health information means individually identifiable health
information: (1) Except as ...
and the day before surgery was planned, he told me he was retiring. He
never told me before this.
It sounds to me like he didn't know this in advance either. Maybe his medical license/malpractice insurance just got suspended. Maybe he started getting tremors in his hands. My point is. It may, or may not, be his fault.
Either that or maybe there is ...
Do you have a primary physician, and what is their guidance?
If you have an infection, normally infectious medicine docs are consulted.
The standard of care is determined regionally, and this can make a substantial difference in practices. If you are having infections, and your physician has retired, your are faced with incomplete care for your condition....
An example is given in the Wikipedia article
For example, parental consent is required for the treatment of children with asthma using standby salbutamol inhalers in schools. These restrictions have yet to be tested in court.
There is basically no legal question underlying this problem, at least not in the US. If you had insurance, the insurance company would argue with the ER, or just pay up. They are allowed to charge $2K for you to pee in a cup (and everything else that went along with the examination). You did not have a prior agreement where they limit how much they will ...
The relevant legal requirement to have accurate records is 45 CFR 156.526, where
An individual has the right to have a covered entity amend protected
health information or a record about the individual in a designated
record set for as long as the protected health information is
maintained in the designated record set.
The request can be denied if ...