The First Amendment generally prohibits the government from taking any actions to limit your speech, the same as adults. There are certain exceptions, particularly if you are enrolled in a public school, which has some latitude to impose speech restrictions to “avoid substantial interference with school discipline or the rights of others” Tinker v. Des ...
Whoever willfully or maliciously injures, tears down or destroys any letter box or other receptacle intended or used for the receipt or delivery of mail on any mail route, or breaks open the same or willfully or maliciously injures, defaces or destroys any mail deposited therein, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more ...
Generally speaking, you have to disclose that the defendant is a minor in the complaint and their deadline to respond is tolled until the court has appointed a guardian ad litem for them. So, while it is possible, it is arduous.
Also, since someone below the age of eighteen can claim minority as a defense to an executory contract (as opposed to a ...
The fundamental question is whether children can own property: they clearly can. See Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure (I improved the link so it can be more easily read).
As a general rule any property acquired by the child in any way except
by its own labor or services belongs to the child, and not to the
McClosky v. Cyphert, 3 Casey (27 Pa.) ...
The school can confiscate a cell phone if you violated phone usage policy, because schools have broad powers to set student conduct policies. Searching the phone is a separate matter: a search requires reasonable suspicion and the search has to be narrowly related to that suspicion. As long as there is an actual policy and a violation of the policy, there ...
I was initially going to vote to close this as a political rather than a legal question, however, I think there is scope for separating out the two dimensions.
Our society makes a distinction between children and adults by giving them different legal rights, obligations and protections. If you think about it, there are a lot of things beyond sexual activity ...
There are several issues here, but all of them are going to depend on the particular laws in the jurisdiction involved.
In many jurisdictions a person hired to perform a service, such as a contractor, must use professionally reasonable skill and care, and failing to do so is a breach of the contract, and may be grounds for a suit. Whether the peeling is due ...
Are there actual laws written, or de facto situations (e.g. let's say
another law specifies that a child can't be physically forced to go
anywhere without causing abuse) where the child can refuse to attend?
Are there "tiers" to the age; Is it true that a temper tantrum of a 5
year old would be seen as such, but the refusal of a 17 year would be
The relevant law is not so specific. It prohibits child abuse and child neglect which are defined only as general standards and not as specific rules.
This doesn't appear to be child neglect, indeed, the opposite to the extent that there is such a thing.
So, would it be child abuse? This would be up to the finder of fact to determine, and might depend upon ...
One of the relevant cases is Tinker vs. Des Moines.
In it, students wore black armbands in protest, and were suspended from school unless they agreed to remove the armbands. Because their protest was non-disruptive, the school's position was found to be a violation of their civil rights. Generally, the school cannot interfere with students' rights to free ...
We set speed limits so we don't have to spend time fighting over whether you were driving too fast.
We put up fences so we don't have to spend time fighting over whose property you are on.
We set ages of consent so we don't have to spend time fighting over whether the child could consent to sex.
You are responsible or assessing risks to your children
A parent (or a person in loco parentis) is obliged to care for and protect their children this includes assessing the risk to those children and whether that risk is acceptable or should be avoided or mitigated. This applies to all risks, when they should cross the road, when they are responsible enough ...
The Human Rights Watch published a report on children in Saudi Arabia's justice system("Arbitrary procedures for determining age of majority in criminal cases"):
Judicial opinions on when a child can be tried as an adult vary widely, and frequently depend on measures of children’s physical development, contrary to international standards, which call upon ...
They retain sui juris after "divorce" or death of a spouse.
A minor becomes sui juris upon marriage (civil marriage pursuant to Thai Civil and Commercial Code, article 1448). [Art. 20] The status of sui juris won't be revoked by divorce or death. This rule is not written in statutes but is interpreted in such manner.
However, if a court judged that ...
Firstly, this is actually a really good question - The Australian Constitution grants few explicit protections or rights to people, and it does not protect you from discrimination on the basis of age.
In any case, you'll find that it is not a violation of the Age Discrimination Act 2004 (Cth) - see s39. This makes an exemption, amongst others, to the Act ...
I'm not sure a case of harassment could be made out (it would depend on the circumstances in which you purportedly did those things or threatened her, except for touching her.
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 defines sexual assault as:
(1) A person (A) commits an offence if—
(a) he intentionally touches another person (B),
(b) the ...
In addition to the general considerations of (1) who is allowed to use non-deadly physical force to maintain order in a shop (which I think that one could do if "deputized" by the property owner or to protect the property of another as well), and (2) the use of non-deadly physical force to make a citizen's arrest (which many of these scenarios would justify ...
In General: No
There is no federal law and, as far as I can tell, no state law which sets an across-the-board minimum age on mountaineering or climbing. I based this on searching through the statutes of several states with mountains, as well as the web pages for some parks.
Many states' park services had wording like this (taken from the Colorado Springs ...
No, the minor cannot be in violation either being on the property of residence or the sidewalk in front of that property.
Montgomery County Curfew Law:
Section 1-2 (Offenses):
(a) A minor commits an offense if he remains in any public place or on the premises of any establishment within the unincorporated areas of the county during curfew hours.
As a 16 year old you do not need a Child Work Permit - these are required for "[a] minor under 16 years of age".
Notwithstanding, minor's contracts can be classified as valid, voidable or void. There are two types of valid contracts:
Contracts for "necessaries", and
Employment, apprenticeship and training contracts.
Your employment contract is binding ...
Children own their personal property
Although legal guardians may place limits on access or use.
Unless the aunt is a legal guardian she has no right to retain them. Ask for their return. If she refuses, sue for their return.
This site says that the legal age for online gambling in AZ is 18, and for "land" gambling is 21, but does not mention penalties for violations.
According to Arizona code section 13-3301 "Regulated gambling" requires that
Beginning on June 1, 2003, none of the players is under twenty-one years of age.
According to 13-3302 Regulated ...
The exception is often called a Romeo and Juliet exception colloquially when applied to statutory rape laws. See, e.g. here. It is an exception to the age of capacity to consent to sexual conduct, not an exception to the capacity to consent to a contract.
When children are very young (typically in the range of 7 to 12 as set by statute of common law, it is 6 ...
According to the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries,
Under 14 years old
In most cases, you need a superior court’s permission for minors under 14 to work. Minors under 14 who are allowed to work must follow the 14-15 year old requirements below.
Which may or may not be easy to get.
Employers must complete and sign a ...
As pointed out in comments, the exact answer depends on the jurisdiction, and on the nature of the crime(s).
As a general statement:
In many jurisdictions, old criminal records are sealed (=made less available), or even completely deleted after some time. The timespan will depend on many factors, particularly (but not only) on the number and severity of the ...
Does a minor saying, "I want my mommy" have the same legal effect as an adult saying, "I want my lawyer"?
If a suspect in police custody asks for a lawyer, the interview must stop.
If the suspect invokes [assistance of counsel during custodial interrogation] at any time, the police must
immediately cease questioning him until an attorney is present....
With respect to many questions of law minors are not people. Human rights vest as people age: there are any number of variations by jurisdiction, but you will see the following (often constitutional) rights granted at different ages:
To own property
To enter into contracts
To work for pay
To decline an education
To consent to medical treatment
To be secure ...
Note that I am not a lawyer. All law code here is from the official Georgia Law at LexisNexis.
In the case of Georgia, the law regarding a child’s election changed in 2008. Prior to 2008, a 14 year old child could choose with which parent to live, unless the judge determined that the chosen parent is unfit.
As proving that a parent is unfit was not always ...
Knife laws in the United States are notoriously ambiguous, often vary at the municipality level, and enforcement can best be described as capricious. I can't put it better than this eye-opening answer I found on Quora:
Don't ask anybody what the law is about knives. Not even the police.
There's so much misinformation floating around out there.