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Are there different penalties for crimes against a PCSO as opposed to a police officer? No a PCSO is an Emergency Worker so the starting point and aggravating features for sentencing are the same. Regarding murder sentencing/whole life terms, which have special police enhancements: does police include PCSOs? I have not been able to find any citable sources ...


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SCOTUS suggests in Townsend v. Sain, 372 U.S. 293, that a subject's confession was constitutionally inadmissible if it was adduced by police questioning during a period when petitioner's will was overborne by a drug having the properties of a "truth serum." In Miranda v. Arizona, it is held that If the interrogation continues without the ...


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england-and-wales 1. Can this so called confession be used against the suspect in court? Maybe, as long as it meets the criteria for being admissible evidence. It will then be open for the Defence to challenge its truthfulness based on, for example, what (if any) contemporaneous record the officer made, the evidence given by other witnesses as to what they ...


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Depends on where you are, and on the situation. Many countries allow citizens to detain a suspect, this is called a citizen's arrest even if it may not technically be an arrest. Usually the citizens are required to deliver the suspect to the real police, and they may be limited to situations where they witnessed a suspected crime. If there is time to go ...


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To answer the question "Where, exactly, in Chauvin's interaction with George Floyd, his actions became second-degree murder material?" The judge decided that how George Floyd was treated, had he not died, would have been assault, therefore a felony. So George Floyd died as the result of a felony. And if someone dies as the result of a felony, even ...


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The most obvious answer is that he should have knelt on his lower back, not on his neck. And this should not be maintained for an extended period, only until appropriate restraints (e.g. handcuffs) can be applied. The proper use of force is to put the other person in a situation where it will hurt them if and only if they resist. For comparison, consider ...


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Anyone can use reasonable force to remove a trespasser from thier home, and anyone can use reasonable force to in self defence if they have an honestly held belief that they, or someone else, is in fear of imminent violence. There is no precise legal definition of what is reasonable and each case will be considered in light of its particular circumstances ...


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There was a case like that in 2010 in germany tl;dr synopsis of the German article: The police raided the private home of an alleged member of a criminal gang. This was performed as a no-knock raid. The police officers did not announce themselves as such when they started to break open the door. The suspect had reason to believe that a rival gang was ...


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Has there ever been a successful defense based on "self-defense" in a case of a person charged with killing an on-duty police officer? england-and-wales YES Detective Constable John Fordham was on duty when he was killed by Kenneth Noye, a career criminal, who was found not guilty of his murder by successfully claiming self-defence. John was ...


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