68 votes
Accepted

I want to leave Islam, but they would execute and kill me. What do I do?

Legally speaking, very many nations grant asylum, and religious persecution is one of the most basic grounds for granting asylum, following the 1951 Refugee Convention. This newspaper article compares ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
32 votes

I want to leave Islam, but they would execute and kill me. What do I do?

You should contact an organisation specialised in this area. Here is one for the UK, with specific information on asylum seeking apostates: https://www.ex-muslim.org.uk/2010/09/apostasy-and-asylum-in-...
Tom's user avatar
  • 321
15 votes

What happens if someone requests asylum in Vatican City?

Dale's answer is correct in theory, but in practice, it depends. If the refugee is specifically claiming that they are subject to persecution by Italy, then the principle of non-refoulement prohibits ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 4,429
9 votes
Accepted

When can one flee a state that is becoming more authoritarian

Anyone can claim asylum Whether that person qualifies as a refugee depends on the law in the country where they make the claim which usually involves an administrative decision making process. If a ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
7 votes
Accepted

Can you seek asylum for not wanting to do your mandatory military service in your home country?

In Europe (as defined above) it does not appear that any country allows an asylum claim based solely on the fact of being subject to obligatory military service. However, asylum claims can be made ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
6 votes

What happens if someone requests asylum in Vatican City?

The claim would be processed according to domestic (Vatican City) law and international convention The Vatican City is not a "highly unusual country" in any legal sense. Yes, it's an ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
5 votes

When can one flee a state that is becoming more authoritarian

Simply being under an authoritarian government is not sufficient grounds for asylum. There are plenty of states in the world that restrict political activity where many people living there face no ...
Comic Sans Seraphim's user avatar
4 votes

Can a US citizen be a refugee?

Leaving aside the specific circumstances facing LGBT+ people in the US, yes, US citizens can and have applied for refugee status or asylum in the past. Wikipedia has a small category page listing some,...
curiousdannii's user avatar
4 votes

Can a US citizen be a refugee?

No. The repeal of pro-LGBT legislation is not sufficient. To be a refugee you must have a real and imminent fear of persecution which is generally defined to include matters like bodily harm or ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 207k
4 votes

What happens if a refugee continues to be threatened in their host country?

A person threatened by a “gang” is not presumably a refugee A refugee is “someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
4 votes
Accepted

Is there a special class of refugee in the United States for climate refugees?

The US does not "have to" take in any refugees. There is a provision under US law pertaining to asylum. First, the person has to be in the US, including "having arrived at". The ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
3 votes
Accepted

Can “being a woman” be grounds for a valid asylum claim?

Maybe To be a refugee (a necessary prerequisite to claiming asylum) you must meet the UN definition as incorporated in the host country’s domestic law: a person who: has a ‘well-founded fear of ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 205k
3 votes
Accepted

Can I claim asylum after I land in New Zealand with visit visa?

New Zealand has ratified the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment and the International Covenant ...
A.fm.'s user avatar
  • 2,840
2 votes

Can I claim asylum inside New Zealand but not at the port of entry?

Immigration reports that "You can claim asylum when you arrive at an airport or seaport in New Zealand by telling an immigration official or a member of the Police. You may hire a Licensed Immigration ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
2 votes
Accepted

Does Syria have a law that states fleeing from the country is illegal?

Information about law in Syria is virtually impossible to find, but there is some evidence to support the claim. This article notes that exit stamps are required from the Damascus airport, that men ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
2 votes

Conflicting State Obligations

There are three main ways conflicts between legal effects (obligations, institutional facts, etc.) are derogated. Lex superior - the effect originating from the highest priority legal source (e.g. ...
Dr. Thomas C. King's user avatar
2 votes

Is criminal prosecution of asylum seekers who entered the US illegally a violation of the Refugee Convention?

That convention is not uniform across signatory nations, and there are quite a number of declarations and reservations, but it turns out that the US only had a few fiscal modifications. Article 44(1) ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
2 votes

is being threatened to death and toture enough to get refugee status in another country?

If the intent is to come to the US, you need to show that you are a refugee, that you need to be resettled, and that you are not inadmissible to the US – you might then be eligible for referral to the ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
2 votes

Schengen Area: What was the legal rationale for countries extending Temporary Reintroduction of Border Control beyond Nov. 2017?

Regarding Germany, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, details can be found on the Commission website. According to the table of all notifications, they all periodically invoke the “security ...
Relaxed's user avatar
  • 764
2 votes
Accepted

Are asylum seekers, or refugees, liable for council tax?

Determining just which people count as "disregards" (i.e. people who don't "count") for the purposes of a Council Tax calculation can be confusing to say the least! The UK Gov site ...
motosubatsu's user avatar
  • 4,672
2 votes

When can one flee a state that is becoming more authoritarian

You can check in advance if you flee to Norway. On this page, you can select a country and they will give you a current policy statements (though individual circumstances may differ). US and UK are &...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
1 vote

Is the homes for Ukraine scheme in breach of the human rights act?

Essentially this issue was raised last year in R (AB) v SSHD [2023] EWHC 287 (Admin). The claimant, AB, is an Afghan national who sought entry to the UK under the Afghan Relocation and Assistance ...
alexg's user avatar
  • 5,830
1 vote

Can “being a woman” be grounds for a valid asylum claim?

united-states To add specific examples to what Dale M pointed out about the "immutable characteristics […] 'fundamental to human dignity", a report by the Tahirir Justice Center, in what ...
kisspuska's user avatar
  • 3,926
1 vote

Can a person benefit from damaging terrorists?

The basic requirement for being granted refugee status is demonstrating that you have been persecuted or have a well-founded fear that you will be persecuted, and is connected to race, religion, ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
1 vote
Accepted

Is there any International Law that protects the rights of a defector spy?

As one might expect, this topic is quite complex, even by the standards of international law. A good start might be the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 2003 paper "The Interface ...
Roger's user avatar
  • 295
1 vote

is being threatened to death and toture enough to get refugee status in another country?

That depends on the desired destination country. In most it probably then depends on a judgment call by a local official. In the US that official is likely to be an Immigration Judge, or possibly an ...
David Siegel's user avatar
1 vote

Can a refugee use the Refugee Convention to defend against a charge of illegal entry?

Could the accused use the fact that the US has ratified the 1967 protocol in defense, despite the fact that the protocol's protection against penalties for illegal entry is not explicit in US law? ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 207k
1 vote

How does Judge Boasberg’s court order affect asylum seekers who crossed the border illegally?

My question is, how does this ruling affect asylum seekers caught crossing the border illegally? If they are entitled to asylum, their border crossing wasn't illegal. So how does this order ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 207k
1 vote

Can a US citizen be a refugee?

I'm quite sure that you cannot be a refugee in your own country. Should you go for example to Germany and try to claim asylum, you will find that they have a list of countries where asylum will be ...
gnasher729's user avatar
  • 33.4k
1 vote

Conflicting State Obligations

Yes, there's a recognized order of obligations. In particular, states cannot bypass such pesky things as Universal Human Rights by signing a conflicting treaty. The specific example is a case where ...
MSalters's user avatar
  • 5,524

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible