38

The law doesn't distinguish between two Christians with divergent beliefs, or between an atheist and a Christian (obviously with divergent beliefs). The law simply does not care what religion you have, or whether you have one. The law just says "follow the law!". The complication is that part of the First Amendment which says that the law is to be neutral ...


14

As cited by @xuhdev, discrimination on the basis of marital status is prohibited in Colorado. And, even though age is not on the list, the couple could claim that you discriminate them based on their marital status, whether current or would-be, and whether related to their age or not. Note that the reason why you discriminate is irrelevant: whether you do ...


7

This question fundamentally is not about religion in any way. Based on your question, Christine would not be discriminating against people from Ann's own sect, only against transgender people. If Ann has reason to believe that Christine will behave in a discriminatory way to transgender people, Ann can legitimately exclude her to prevent harm to other ...


7

The Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment requires government restrictions on churches to satisfy a compelling government interest, such as preventing massive deaths from disease. The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment prohibits the government from granting special privileges to a specific religion or to all religions (Everson v. Board of ...


6

In your hypothetical situation, I'm not aware of any law that prohibits denial of service merely because of age. (But as other answers show, marital status discrimination might and might not be relevant here. If there is martial status discrimination, then the discrimination would be illegal.) Age for places of public accommodation is not a protected class ...


5

From NYC website (creed): Creed refers to a set of moral or ethical beliefs and the practices and observances associated with those beliefs. Although creed includes traditional religious beliefs, it also incorporates belief systems that may not be expressed by an organized religious group. Based on the examples shown on the website, it doesn't seem like ...


4

Just to be clear, the initial linked Q&A does not show that bakers in certain US states can legally refuse service on the basis of sexual orientation, is concludes that federal law does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation. Colorado law does. So in Colorado, you would be open to a discrimination lawsuit, if you specifically refuse to ...


4

Ignoring the question of whether knowingly trying to deceive the IRS about the nature and purposes of an organization is a crime or even a lie, running any sort of tax-exempt organization for your own benefit is tax evasion and a crime. What you propose actually does happen in the US, but it's non commonly done by claiming tax exempt status a religious ...


4

I'm not a lawyer, but this sounds like a clear-cut case of religious discrimination to me. You say in a follow-up comment, "I think it can't be religious discrimination because the company owner is also a Christian." But no, that's not how the law works. Discrimination on the basis of religion is illegal no matter how close or far apart the people involved ...


4

Under 42 USC 2000a(a): All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, and accommodations of any place of public accommodation, as defined in this section, without discrimination or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin. So a business may be ...


3

There is no constitutional right to be free from facts that don't make you happy. A store cannot refuse you service because of your religion, or your lack of religion (federal anti-discrimination laws, "public accommodations" which is a technical term that refers to stores, hotels and so on, where race, color, religion, or national origin are the protected ...


3

is spousal immunity a defense for a forced restraining order by a biological father if he won't even speak to a suitor (i.e. may I take your daughter on a date)? There is no such thing as "spousal immunity". Your post is replete with unclear references, unclear statements, and seemingly unrelated questions. But it is noteworthy that spousal privilege (not "...


3

Would it be legal in Germany for someone to display swastikas in a specifically Buddhist or Hindu religious context (e.g. incorporating them into the architecture of a Buddhist or Hindu temple)? Yes, it would be legal, since through the religious context it is clear that the conditions set in 86 StGB (Dissemination of propaganda material of unconstitutional ...


2

Your hypothetical is a non-sequitur, whence it is not amenable to legal remedies. Legislation does not contemplate the notion or possibility of [natural person's] reincarnation. Or at least you don't point to a specific legal system where the concept of reincarnation is admissible. Even if a legal system acknowledged the concept of reincarnation, one ought ...


2

It may well be the case that registering a phony church is easy and that there are no particular checks. However, this by itself would gain you no tax benefits. In order to actually reduce your personal taxes, you'd have to do something like funneling some part of your income into the church, and then having the church pay for expenses that you'd otherwise ...


2

In the US, there is no required registering of churches and religion is an unregulated industry because of the First Amendment to the Constitution: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof". Congress does have the power to levy taxes, and makes certain exceptions to the general ...


1

Art. 25 of the Indian Constitution says (in part) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion. But, Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State ...


1

the only way they can go on the ride is by removing their religiously mandated headgear. Does the company have a duty to accommodate such guests by making a compromise of some sort? The company has a duty to look into what it can do, and if it can't do anything — articulate why. On the face of it, headsets are required "to fully experience the ride". That ...


1

It would expand the class of cases where discrimination is illegal, since discrimination on the basis of gender identity is only statutorily regulated in a piecemeal way. Governments could not do it at all, so laws which prohibit a person from using toilets or joining the military based on their self-identified gender as opposed to their birth gender would ...


1

Could the freedom to choose an Operating System be a legally enforceable basic human right? No, meaning that accommodating the alleged needs that would benefit --at most-- a very narrow sector of the population is not worth enacting the fundamental amendments (possibly a cascade thereof) that this would entail. I will focus on US law since you did not ...


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