10

The validity of the execution of a contract is governed by the law of the place where it was signed. A location next to the date establishes that place and hence often, the governing law for the validity of that signature. If the contract does not expressly state what law governs, the contract itself is governed by the law of the place where the last ...


7

Not that I am aware of. A person who 'owns' a domain is entitled to utilize that domain including for the purposes of receiving emails. With physical mail, it is a crime in most countries to intentionally interfere with mail that is not addressed to you. For example - Australia. However, this is statute law and as such does not extend to emails - even if ...


5

No. You may not do this. As your post points out this is a blatant copyright violation. It isn't remotely in the realm of fair use.


4

Article 19 of Swiss copyright law says that "Published works may be used for private use" (emphasis added), though excludes computer programs from that exception. "Private use" is defined to include not only private use, it extends to use by friends and relatives, and in educational settings. But, para 3 say that except for personal use including that by ...


4

How come this is viable? Because it’s legal. What if people use their service to commit crimes? What if people use a Ford in a bank holdup? Or a Glock in a murder? Or the US Postal Service in a Nigerian letter scam? If the goods or services are legal and not provided for an obviously illegal purpose, nothing happens.


4

In academe, "young" refers to years in career, not years since birth.


3

Warning: This answer is ludicrously long. @user6726's answer is sufficient for most purposes. However, I wondered "What if personal use copying didn't cover the download, could it be saved by education or research exceptions?" and stumbled into an unexpectedly deep research rabbit hole, which I figured I might as well share. Introduction There's ...


3

It seems that your friend is taking part in a multi-level marketing scheme. However, this does not necessarily exclude a pyramid or snow ball scheme. Both can be illegal in Germany and Switzerland under the respective unfair business practices codes, because the systems do not rely on the sales of goods and services, but on the continuous recruitment of ...


3

I don't know about that particular case, but you are basically right: In Switzerland, if you want to apply for citizenship, you apply for it in the municipality first. Everybody having the citizenship of the municipality has the swiss citizenship as well. In theory, the canton and the state also have something to say, but that's irrelevant for most ...


3

Yes, there are legal remedies. GDPR would first require them to handle the emails with a great deal of care. They would not have permission to read them and they may contain private correspondence or information, which is protected by GDPR. As such any abuse of that information, or even storing it for longer than required to identify it as such, would be ...


3

You can file a U.S. provisional patent application now, which you can then convert into a regular ("nonprovisional") application within a year. The provisional application is relatively simple and inexpensive, and it will give you an opportunity to explore your business possibilities and assess whether you want to spend more money on patent work later. It ...


2

Under GDPR the principle of Data Minimization rules that companies should not keep Personal Data that is irrelevant towards the fulfillment of a given service they render you. So, YES, you can "hide"/ cover" Data on any document that goes beyond what is "vital" to ensure the Service is rendered. Let's imagine I am to become a member of a Library, I can blur ...


2

guten Glauben gelebt hat, das Schweizer Bürgerrecht zu besitzen The translation should be understood as: in good faith believes to be a Swiss citizen. Possible situation: When a parent is naturalized, the minor children are often also naturalized. For some reason, the naturalization took place on (or after) the day the child became an adult (thus was not a ...


1

Based on comments: Magic: The Gathering are trading cards for a game a google search 'eu tarifcode trading cards' returns HS Code 95044000 - Playing, cards - Tariff Number a query at the eu tarifcode database TARIC Consultation with 95044000 and Switzerland returns playing cards, Switzerland Switzerland (CH) Tariff preference (20-12-1972 - ) : 0 % ...


1

Switzerland is a member of the Council of Europe, and has ratified the European Convention on Human Rights. This explicitly recognizes the right to a family life, which directly protects marriage (Article 8 ECHR). As such, it ranks above Swiss national law. And you're right, the same applies to other CoE members including all EU members.


1

But when user connects to a VPN server physically located in USA but owned by company based in Switzerland, wouldn't the US law be applied in this case (concerning saving connection logs and all the other things), regardless of where company's headquarters are? The US law could well be applied if the VPN provider was challenged in a US court, or ...


1

TRIPS is an essential part of the WTO. Article II(2) of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization: The agreements and associated legal instruments included in Annexes 1, 2 and 3 (hereinafter referred to as “Multilateral Trade Agreements”) are integral parts of this Agreement, binding on all Members. TRIPS is part of Annex 1.


1

For a different jurisdiction, in Australia, motor vehicles are required to give cyclists 1m clear berth on roads with a speed limit of 60km/h (~ 35 mph) or less and 1.5m on roads with higher speed limits (and are required to pass any vehicle safely - which also applies to cyclists). The driver of the motor vehicle is at fault for the collision if the vehicle ...


1

If a cyclist beats on a car, he is responsible for damage that he causes. If a car is in imminent danger of striking someone, the potential victim can take reasonable action to protect himself, but bashing a car is not a reasonable protective action. However, "punching" describes a deliberate action, whereas what you describe is an accident where the cyclist ...


1

Commercial means related to commerce and commerce means the activity of buying and selling. Advertising material for a commercial event is itself commercial. It the licence restriction is for non-commercial use only then you are outside the licence. However, the licence you quote allows both.


1

ICAO claims that Switzerland claimed that Liechtenstein claimed that "this Convention will be applicable to the territory of the Principality as well as to that of the Swiss Confederation, as long as the Treaty of 29 March 1923 integrating the whole territory of Liechtenstein with the Swiss customs territory will remain in force". (Balzers Airport (LSXB) at ...


1

Ideas in themselves are not patentable. Patents are for inventions and there are several constraints to what an invention is. An invention must represent something that is new as compared to the state of the art. For instance, the first Walkman from Sony was not patentable. Basically it was a small radio receiver / tape player with earphone. In this case, ...


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