27

15 USC Subchapter IX gives the Secretary of Transportation powers to set rules about the 11 time zones, and those laws supersede state and local laws. Observance of Daylight Savings Time is optional for a state. This is the DST law. First, it says that at the DST changeover times, the standard time of each zone established by sections 261 to 264 of ...


23

All laws (federal, state and local) apply to everybody, unless you have diplomatic immunity. That is, unless e.g. the federal government decides as a matter of policy to ignore certain federal laws. California does not have a law generally prohibiting the use of marijuana, though public consumption is illegal, minor consumption is illegal, and possession ...


14

tl/dr: All states have to use US Standard Time. The US Gov't power of standards The US Gov't's power to keep time falls under Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5 of the US Constitution: To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; Currently, the US Department of Commerce National Institute of ...


10

The Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet-level arm of the Executive Branch. The Sec'y of Homeland Security directly "runs" that branch, and serves at the pleasure of the President of the United States. There is a House committee on Homeland Security which conducts "oversight" and handles legislation related to security. There is likewise a Senate ...


10

This is addressing the last paragraph: could the federal government decide on "eternal October" to avoid a presidential election? The date of the election itself is set by statute. However the Constitution specifies that the President shall hold office for a term of "4 years". Suppose the executive (in this case the Secretary of State for Commerce) decides ...


9

Yes, the government determines what time it is. Examples of it happening in the past: The UK "lost" 11 days when it switched from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar in 1752 Samoa "lost" 1 day when they switched across the international date line in 2011 The effect on elections is a different issue, and is governed by a different set of laws - in ...


8

only federal law applies to foreigners This is not correct. For example, there is no federal law criminalizing murder generally. (There are federal laws criminalizing murder in certain specific circumstances.) If you killed the shopkeeper around the corner, you probably would not have violated any federal law. You will of course be subject to ...


7

Your interpretation is correct. The constitution says that judges stay in office "until and unless they are impeached." That means that congress cannot impose a time limit on any judge's term of office. If it did so, it would be contrary to the constitution. The only grounds for removal are those to do with misbehavior. Therefore, judges have life ...


6

The Supreme Court has ruled, in Gonzales v. Raich, 545 U.S. 1, that Congress is empowered to pass the Controlled Substances Act: whether or not you agree with the ruling, that is what the current law is. Citing Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 and Perez v. US, 402 U.S. 146, the court held that If Congress decides that the “‘total incidence’” of a practice ...


5

I don't know how that would end, but states' AGs have take action against Trump personally in other matters, and that's bubbling through the courts; latest news I found on something like that on quick search (May 15): A lawsuit accusing President Donald Trump of illegally profiting off the presidency through his luxury Washington hotel was revived Thursday ...


5

If the marijuana used was grown locally and did not travel in interstate commerce it would seem that the use of marijuana in states where this use is legal could not be construed as illegal under federal law because the federal government lacks jurisdiction under the commerce clause. You might think that, but you'd be wrong. In Gonzales v. Raich (545 U.S. ...


5

No punishment followed because those policies are not the law, and, even it was found out earlier, no Inspector General would have the authority to dismiss Mrs. Cliton, it's POTUS's prerogative, as I understand it. That is true for maybe 10 people max in a government department. For the tens or hundreds of thousands of employees who weren't appointed by the ...


5

An example is that a person eventually convicted of a crime has made a false statement in pleading "not guilty". 1001a would compel confessions, because you cannot legally conceal a material fact. In a judicial proceeding, the analog that prevents certain kinds of "lying" is the law against perjury, which is much stricter than the broad ...


4

The U.S. could pass a law directing Apple to create software for fair compensation. Similar statutes have been passed in wartime compelling companies to do all sorts of things and companies don't have all of the rights of individuals. If it can be done (not obvious in the case of existing products in the market place), it might be possible for the government ...


4

5 CFR 2635.102 provides definitions for 5 CFR Part 2635 (which contains 5 CFR 2635.502). (h) Employee means any officer or employee of an agency, including a special Government employee. It includes officers but not enlisted members of the uniformed services. It includes employees of a State or local government or other organization who are serving ...


4

You've omitted a critical part of paragraph (b)(2)(C): make arrests without a warrant for any offense against the United States committed in the presence of the officer or agent or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if the officer or agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is ...


3

The basis for timezones within the US is part of the 15 U.S. Code SUBCHAPTER IX— STANDARD TIME, which defines the offset from UTC, names and special cases. The actual specific boundaries are formed by the basis of an order from the Transportation Secretary.


3

The law does not require any reference to science of any kind – that is a political choice. The law grant a certain authority to the governor, under certain circumstances, go give extraordinary orders at the governor's discretion. No actions are mandatory during an emergency. The laws may or may not require legislative approval for extending an order beyond ...


3

1a - Where is US government website where person can requesting free copy of their MIB (online or by phone). And I don't mean MIB.com. I am looking for government website that would reference something like MIB, i.e. for instance Federal Trade Commission website references annualcreditreport.com There isn't one. The right to medical information is ...


3

Proving a negative is impossible, but right now, the best answers to your questions are: No, federal statutes do not give the Feds authority to police cities. Federal law gives the Feds power to protect federal property and enforce federal and Oregon law on Federal property. No, the Feds have not cited any statutes authorizing them to do more than protect ...


3

There are multiple police forces in the US: city, county, state and national, and each is responsible to a relevant executive. Typical "police" are city police, who are responsible to a chief of police, who is appointed at the municipal level. Counties usually have an elected sheriff, and a set of deputies; at the state level, they are usually ...


2

It is dubious that this statement has any legal standing. The city comptroller promulgates immigrant-rights information which says the predictable things about the right to remain silent, asking if you are free to go, and so on in the form of a know your rights sheet. It correctly states that the city will not cooperate with federal authorities in enforcing ...


2

It depends upon the relief sought. If the relief sought is an injunction seeking the violator from continuing to engage in an emolument generating activity going forward, it would be moot and dismissed when the violator left office. If the relief sought is, for example, an award of money damages related to emoluments already received by the violator, ...


2

All the laws apply to you. But you have extra rules: the conditions of your visa. Non-citizens are present at the pleasure of the government, and the big four they don't want (unless visa allows) are overstaying the visa, seeking employ, using public support, and committing crimes. You also have an extra consequence: refusal on your next attempt to ...


1

15 U.S. Code Subchapter IX - Standard Time defines the time zones of the United States. The Secretary of Transportation is authorized and directed to foster and promote widespread and uniform adoption and observance of the same standard of time within and throughout each such standard time zone. As described in section 261, the definition of the time zones ...


1

In US judicial actions, a government official may be named "in official capacity." When the office changes hands, the new officer assumes the role of the old officer in the court action. See for example the case indexed on Wikipedia as Doe v. Gonzales, despite the fact that it was originally filed as Doe v. Ashcroft, renamed Doe v. Gonzalez, and finally ...


1

Governments are legal people - they can sue and be sued The United States of America is a legal entity with a continues existence irrespective or who may be occupying various offices of government at any given time. A defendant in a lawsuit may, but is not obliged to, defend that lawsuit. If they don't defend it then the plaintiff usually wins but they ...


1

The key in this statute is that it penalizes knowingly making false statements in any matter within the jurisdiction of the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government of the United States Relevant case law on this statute is US v. Yermian, 468 U.S. 63, where Yermian lied on an employment application, in connection with a security ...


1

Addressing only the document that you link to without assumption of accuracy or finality, it says that "It is the policy of the United States to foster clear, nondiscriminatory ground rules promoting free and open debate on the Internet. Prominent among those rules is the immunity from liability", referring to 47 USC 230, and specifically "the scope of that ...


1

The procedure is simple. Congress can change the law by majority vote of both houses and concurrence of the president. If you want to include tobacco as a "chemical weapon" under that law, you simply explicitly change the wording of the term to explicitly include tobacco. The same applies to other toxic chemicals, such as household bleach, salt, any form of ...


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