I will phrase this question in New Zealand legal terms but I am actually interested in any common law jurisdiction or any jurisdiction with adversarial system.
Say there is some case law made in the High Court establishing that certain procedural peculiarity is appropriate (it could be related to whether/how certain class of defendants can be added to proceedings, or fine-grained rules regarding admissibility of evidence etc.). The appropriateness of this procedural peculiarity was first declared by a High Court judge several years ago, and has been cited by High Court judges since then. It has never been challenged in the next level court (Court of Appeal).
Does the fact that the procedural peculiarity was not challenged in the Court of Appeal in the first place prevent it from being challenged later in any other case citing it? Can it still be challenged in the next level court despite being long established in the lower court?