Many French universities require their students to take exams remotely, often through a computer, without providing the necessary equipment to perform these tasks. And here I am not talking about covid-19 crisis but before the global pandemic.
I find this practice barely legal when the French education code requires establishments to verify that students have the technical means necessary to carry out exams.
The conditions for validating lessons, given in the presence of users or remotely, where applicable in digital form, are set in each higher education establishment at the latest at the end of the first month of the teaching year and they cannot be modified during the year. The validation of lessons, controlled by tests organized remotely in digital form, must be guaranteed by:
1 ° Verification that the candidate has the technical means allowing him to effectively pass the tests;
2 ° Verification of the candidate's identity;
3 ° Supervision of the test and compliance with the rules applicable to examinations.
Hence my question: Do universities have the right not to provide the material necessary for students to carry out exams remotely?
I know only one University that follow this rules in France : The Sorbonne, Paris. My University and all others I know doesn't respect it.