I have a question about laws in general. If someone were to get arrested in the United States for charges on misappropriation of trade secrets committed in Canada, would the court apply international (Canadian Law) or local (American Law)? The company headquarters is based in Delaware, and the person works in the Canadian portion of the company, and the alleged crimes were committed in Canada. The person was detained in the US, as he/she was travelling there for personal reasons and was spontaneously arrested. The defendant would be a Canadian Citizen.
I've done some research, and one of the reasons I'm asking this is that there are quite big differences between the 2 laws. In Canada, trade secret crimes are judged under common law, whilst in the US, it is judged under Federal Criminal Law. This is a big difference for the defendant and their families, especially with regards to detention in prisons.
I've also searched the wikipedia page of "Doctrine of International Comity", and "Conflict of Laws", however I couldn't really understand any of it, so that's why I'm asking here hoping y'all can explain it in simpler terms.
This is what I think is an important section under the wiki page, and hopefully you can help me decode it into language suitable for a grade 9 student.
"Comity," in the legal sense, is neither a matter of absolute obligation, on the one hand, nor of mere courtesy and good will, upon the other. But it is the recognition which one nation allows within its territory to the legislative, executive or judicial acts of another nation, having due regard both to international duty and convenience, and to the rights of its own citizens or of other persons who are under the protection of its laws.
I really appreciate anyone helping me out. I don't want to come out as lazy and making you guys do the research, but I would really appreciate it if you put it in simpler terms.
Thanks again, Jess <3