I am interested in both civil and criminal cases. Suppose a defendant is charged with a crime or has a civil complaint is filed against that defendant. However, the defendant is granted bail or just issued a citation in the criminal case.
Suppose at that point the defendant’s visa is about to expire and needs to leave the country, but either there is not enough time to get a new visa or the US government refuses to issue a new visa.
How can the defendant clear their name in court in this situation? What is the proper course of action?