Common Law offenses, of course, were crimes created solely through case law rather than statute.
At what point was the legal authority of courts in England to create new Common Law offenses abolished?
In a practical sense, the actual creation of new Common Law offenses via court rulings seems to have ended by the end of the Middle Ages, but was this accompanied by a formal abolition of the authority to do so, or did this simply fall into disuse?
This question has nothing to do with:
- The abolition of existing Common Law offenses (e.g. Murder, Larceny, etc.) in favor of purely statutory ones. Some countries, notably Canada, have passed statutes completely abolishing any remaining common-law offenses in favor of a purely statutory criminal codes. By contrast, some US states (Virginia is one) still retain some common-law offenses for which the punishment is defined in statute, but the definition is found in case law.
- The specific elements of existing, known Common Law offenses.
If English courts still technically possess legal authority to create new Common Law offenses, but do not do so as a result of social or political pressure, that's an answer.