In contracts what exactly is meant by the words (both collectively and individually) "right, title and interest"?

Example from Docracy

Assignor exclusively owns all right, title, and interest in and to the Assigned Property

Another example from Docracy

The Recipient agrees to assign to the Company, or its designee, all right, title, and interest in and to any and all inventions

I tried reading the article https://www.adamsdrafting.com/right-title-and-interest/ but found it hard to understand. I just got that some of the words are repetitive. (out of curiosity is adamsdrafting a reputable source?)

  • Repetitive words is standard in legal writing because sometimes courts are looking for a particular buzz word and you can't know what that will be in advance.
    – ohwilleke
    Aug 28 '19 at 22:29


In the sense that it means every single legal claim that a person could or might have over or in the thing.

Specifically, ”right” means a legal right that can arise in all sorts of ways, ”title” means legal ownership and ”interest” means both of the above plus anything else that may be related to the thing no matter how remote or esoteric.

  • So hypothetically "interest" includes right and title? Aug 29 '19 at 5:43
  • @justasking111 Not necessarily. An "interest" is an ownership or property right in some asset. A "right" could include, for example, a right to vote in an HOA election or a right to use an easement that isn't particular to ownership or property right even if it could be acquired by virtue of having an ownership or property right (e.g. maybe residents without leases or property ownership can still vote in HOA elections and use the easements under the HOA bylaws). Most of the terms have multiple not perfectly consistent definitions because they have been used for hundreds of years.
    – ohwilleke
    Dec 30 '19 at 20:39
  • Nitpick: is it more correct to have plural or singular, "right" vs "rights"? Apr 29 '20 at 13:29

"Title" means ownership. But ownership can be "encumbered," for example, by a tenant with a lease, which is an "interest," something which is less than full ownership but which is legally enforceable and usually recorded if it has to do with real estate. "Interests" include those established in probated wills and in trusts, those established in mortgages and judgment liens,and those established in recorded easements. "Rights" is a hodge-podge term that applies to everything else. It can include contractor liens, homestead interests, prescriptive easements (common-law easements), the rights of neighbors under restrictive covenants, and many other things. Dale is right. The phrase is an ancient colorful legal term of art that means "everything imaginable."

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