I'm was originally interested in knowing what it would take to sell a phone under my own brand that runs an Android fork (open source Android without Google, essentially modified, open-source operating system).
From here I discovered a Google-run consortium called Open Handset Alliance which includes members such as Motorola, HTC, and others, essentially restricting members from building competing products while allowing licensing for default applications (like Gmail, Google Maps).
OHA members are contractually forbidden from producing devices that are based on competing forks of Android.
Does this mean I cannot manufature my own phone under my own brand while sourcing parts from anyone under the OHA?
I stumbled upon an example:
I do not think this is so because a company Fairphone is now selling a phone with an Android-forked (competitor OS), even though it's CPU is sourced by an OHA member (specifically Qualcom). I've also learned other companies are selling "refurbished" phones in a similar way.
Which begs the question:
Could I legally buy new iPhone12s (or other new flagship phones), modify it (by maybe just painting it or diamond studding it) and resell them as my own brand (assuming the end product did not have "Apple branding" and was not advertised as such)?
If I were to load an entirely new operating system on that hardware, would that also be legal?