This is a followup to this comment and the subsequent interchange.
Suppose that a person A publishes a new edition of a work clearly in the Public Domain (PD) such as Conan Doyle's Adventures of Sherlock Holmes or Shakespeare's Hamlet. Suppose further that significant alterations and/or additions have been made to the PD text by A, but there is no copyright notice, and no explicit claim of authorship of those alterations, not in the name of A or,any other name. Is this work effectively protected by copyright?
If another person, B, copies A's revised version and publishes that, Can A successfully sue B? Would the equitable doctrine of "clean hands" prevent such a suit or be raisable as a defense? Could B claim that it is not reasonable to expect B to compare A's version with some other version to detect that changes have been made from teh PD version?
If the revised work includes a statement at the front such as "Includes revisions made 2018" but no statement or claim of authorship and no copyright notice, can A then sue?