A lot has changed in our laws and statutes since the Roe vs. Wade ruling in 1973. The United States Constitution does not explicitly address a right to health care. The words "health" or "medical care" cannot be found anywhere in the text of the Constitution. The provisions listed in the Constitution are evidence that the framers were more concerned with guaranteeing freedom from government, rather than providing specific rights to procedures and services related to health care.
Laws such as "The Patient Self-Determination Act" of 1991, "The Affordable Care Act", "The Uniform Determination of Death Act", "Preventing Maternal Deaths Act" of 2018, "The Unborn Victims of Violence Act" of 2004 and so many others were created and defined to protect citizens rights as they relate to the complex issue of life, death, healthcare and patient outcomes.
At the time that Roe vs Wade was passed there existed few legislative statutes governing a citizens rights with regards to their health care decisions. Now there exists a multitude of federal laws and regulations to define and protect patients. Yet no one has been talking about or whether these laws would protect access to abortion as an healthcare decision even without Roe vs Wade.
** I made some edits to the original question to clarify my intent: Do existing laws, which did not exist in 1973, serve to protect the right to choose in the absence of Roe vs. Wade?
*** Additional Edits In a previous version of this question I made an argument on the legal status of unborn life. It was just intended as an example but it distracted from the main purpose of the question. The core of my question is still valid. I still want to know about any laws that could protect a woman’s right to an abortion as a medical decision. Since posting the question the White House has now quoted the “Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act” as a Federal law on emergency treatment that preempts State Laws and Regulations that ban the procedure without exception. Are there others like this law that provide additional protections?