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I am sure the statutes and other legal terminologies vary quite significantly from one country to another.

But does the general procedure of enforcing law, litigation vary significantly from one country to another?

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  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat.
    – feetwet
    Oct 6, 2022 at 21:45
  • Why this was closed: There are over 250 jurisdictions on the planet. 50 are the US alone. Add to that over 500 legal codes for countries that no longer exist. WHAT do you want to know?
    – Trish
    Oct 16, 2022 at 13:35

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Of course it does. Some significant practical differences:

  • Is there the rule of law or just corruption and/or autocracy? For the following points, I'll assume the rule of law.
  • Is the legal system adversarial or inquisitorial? There are systems where the judges are the "referees" between prosecution and defense, or between two litigants. And then there are systems where the judges have the role of finding the truth, e.g. by questioning witnesses (the inquisitorial system may be better for innocent parties without a lawyer ...).
  • Is there a split between the roles of judge and jury, are the judge and jury combined, or are there just judges? Especially in an adversarial system, the jury decides questions of awards damages or decides guilt and innocence, and possibly passes the sentence. In other systems, these decisions are made by judges. Sometimes there is a panel of professional and lay judges, who are deliberating together.
  • Judges may be elected or career professionals. That impacts how they are swayed by popular opinon, or the opinion of other professionals who decide about promotions.
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  • Thanks for the details. I didnt know about this. Oct 21, 2022 at 6:46

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