38 votes
Accepted

Would it be legal according to the laws of war if Ukrainian forces killed Putin in Moscow?

Yes Providing the attack was otherwise made in accordance with the rules of war, enemy civilian leaders who are directly responsible for the prosecution of the conflict (so, the Minister of Defence, ...
Dale M's user avatar
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30 votes
Accepted

Does murdering the President of the United States differ, as a crime, from regular murder?

Murdering a sitting President is singled out as a separate federal crime from murder, in general, which is another crime that could be brought in such a case. See 18 U.S.C. § 1751. This is notable ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
27 votes

If a person is dressed up as non-human, and is killed by someone who sincerely believes the victim was not human, who is responsible?

Laws on self-defense vary greatly from nation to nation. Generally, one cannot hunt down a hypothetical threat but one can defend against an actual threat or even a mistakenly assumed actual threat ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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23 votes
Accepted

Is homicide by misadventure illegal?

“homicide by misadventure." . . . is when somebody accidentally kills somebody else while engaged in a legal activity and without any intent to cause harm. There is a criminal offense sometimes ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
9 votes

If a 12 year old child uses his mother's car without her consent

Depending on the country (not mentioned), the mother may be at fault for not keeping the car out of the hands of her son, but on the other hand, it seems quite impossible to 100% prevent a determined ...
gnasher729's user avatar
8 votes

If a person is dressed up as non-human, and is killed by someone who sincerely believes the victim was not human, who is responsible?

Something like this? Darren organised a situation where he knew a fight or flight situation was likely - it is his responsibility to ensure the safety of all involved. This would also include a ...
Lio Elbammalf's user avatar
8 votes

Jumping out of the burning building

The crime often called "involuntary manslaughter", or simply manslaughter in the second degree, is when, with criminal negligence, he or she causes the death of another person The standards for "...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
7 votes

What would have happened to Mel Gibson and Danny Glover in real life?

The consequences for the US are perhaps better addressed at Politics; if you're really interested in those consequences, you can re-post this question there. For the police officer shooting a ...
phoog's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

How might a defense attorney use the fact that the accused was coerced? Examples from the movie Se7en

In the first case, under US law, you are not considered guilty in most cases where you are forced to commit a crime under duress (gun to your head would certainly qualify). Murder is a rare exception ...
hszmv's user avatar
  • 23k
6 votes

Can I sue the government because a minor on probation committed homicide?

State governments (and state courts, employees, etc., as part of that government) are generally immune from lawsuits for all liability. See Governmental Tort Liability : 2017 Tennessee Code : Justia. ...
BlueDogRanch's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

How is this not attempted murder?

It's important to keep in mind that charges don't really tell us much about what crimes actually occurred. Sometimes cops file charges that aren't justified; sometimes they don't file charges that ...
bdb484's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Is there an offence when you kill to prevent a murder?

Murder Which is the unlawful taking of a life with intent to do so. However, the doctrine of self-defence can make killing lawful: A person may use such force as is reasonable in the ...
Dale M's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Can someone be liable if they make someone so angry they die?

No. There could be a remote possibility if Alice knew of Bob's severe heart condition (but even then, no reasonable person would expect someone to get a heart attack out of disagreement over personal ...
Greendrake's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Could a state legalize murder?

Yes, it Could A state can repeal or modify its laws against any particular crime, or just decline, as a matter of policy, to enforce such laws. It is in my view quite unlikely that a state would do ...
David Siegel's user avatar
6 votes

Could a state legalize murder?

With some limited exceptions, yes. Decriminalization Could a state decriminalize killing other people in all cases? Probably, although if it only partially decriminalized killing other people, and ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
5 votes
Accepted

Why isn't voluntary manslaughter punished equally to murder?

The distinction is a question of culpability, not just the harm caused. The law, at least in the criminal law context, is not fundamentally consequentialist in its philosophy. The end consequence of ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

If two gunmen are in a standoff, can either of them kill the other and claim self defense in the USA?

Rules about self-defense in the US vary from state to state, but generally a person can raise a defense that they legally used deadly self-defense if they had a reasonable fear of death or grievous ...
IllusiveBrian's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Negligent or Reckless homicide?

This assumes there is a difference under the law between reckless and negligent homicide (which does not exist everywhere). In Washington state there is a distinction between 1st and 2nd degree ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
5 votes

Is it ever not legal to cause harm to escape non-institutionalised harm?

There is pretty much never a right to retaliate against harm to oneself, even blatantly unlawful harm. There is a right to defend oneself and others. One can use force to stop someone from ...
David Siegel's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Would it be legal for a bystander to use force to prevent an abortion in Texas?

No. Under Texas Penal Code Title 2 Subchapter A, one of three three conditions must be true to use the defense-of-others defense, that the person against whom force is used unlawfully and with force ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
4 votes

How does the US legal system treat car accidents with pedestrian casualties?

Assuming that this wasn't a planned murder or assault, the most serious charge would be vehicular homicide. In the US, this is governed by state law, but states are not radically different in whether ...
user6726's user avatar
  • 215k
4 votes

Is it illegal in Germany to pretend being sentenced for committing homicide?

§145d StGB makes it illegal to pretend that a crime did happen or will happen, but only if one deceives the police or a similar agency. It is also a crime to deceive about the participants of a crime. ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 17.6k
4 votes

Why isn't voluntary manslaughter punished equally to murder?

For the same reason that double parking isn't They are different offences for which the community, through its political and legal systems, have decided deserve different punishment under the law. ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 209k
4 votes

How does "mistake of fact" apply as defense in the Amber Guyger Case?

Amber Guyger was convicted of murder under Texas Penal Code section 19.02: A person commits the offense of murder if the person 1) intentionally or knowingly causes the death of an individual or 2) ...
bdb484's user avatar
  • 59.1k
4 votes

Could a state legalize murder?

Yes. Absent a state constitutional provision to the contrary, which is unlikely, a state legislature could legalize murder; and of course a state could also amend its own constitution to remove even ...
Mike Petrik's user avatar
3 votes

How does "mistake of fact" apply as defense in the Amber Guyger Case?

Hypothetical case I am going to answer about the general principles of Mistake of Fact and use as an example a simplified hypothetical case similar to the Amber Guyger case as reported in online news ...
David Siegel's user avatar
3 votes

(How) Can Person A grant immunity to Person B for ending Person A's life?

No. This is not possible. You cannot give consent to homicide, and only the state can provide immunity from prosecution. Consent is not a "justification" or "excuse" under Oregon law, as those terms ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
3 votes
Accepted

How long does provocation remain relevant in physical crimes?

Short Answer There is a fairly vague one sentence answer to this question, in the general rule case that does not involve an escalation of conflict by the person provoked with a deadly weapon that ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
3 votes

Was this a case of negligent homicide, and have any other offences been committed here?

Does any American state have a statute under which Joanne would be liable for her son's death? Probably not. None of the mother's conduct seems like a basis for a homicide prosecution. Suicide is ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 213k
2 votes

How does the US legal system treat car accidents with pedestrian casualties?

The laws in the United States vary by state. In Wisconsin, the law on homicide by negligent operation of vehicle says: Whoever causes the death of another human being by the negligent operation or ...
D M's user avatar
  • 7,148

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