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In common law countries, the first law allowing affirmation in court was the Quaker Act 1695 . This was limited specifically to Quakers and didn't permit them to give evidence in criminal proceeedings or to serve on juries. The form of the affirmation given is: I A.B. do declare in the Presence of Almighty God the Witnesse of the Truth of what I say. ...


5

An oath, which is what you make when you "swear" something, is formally speaking a promise made to God upon which you expect others to rely, and is one for of statement that can give rise to a perjury conviction. An affirmation is a statement that you state is true under penalty of perjury made only to other men and women and not to God. It is preferred by ...


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No difference as to the legal effect. The two versions exist simply to fit religious and secular persons respectively. I am looking for code, statute, law, or perhaps a written reference to tradition. Depends on the jurisdiction, but will basically say the same everywhere where the two forms are used.


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