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Summarized from Kickstarter's Q & A: You are executing a project where you are paid by people to deliver a defined outcome at a defined deadline. And the terms of Kickstarter make it clear that it is your legal obligation to deliver as promised (see Your responsibility). In order to deliver you need to pay for your bill of material, your processing cost,...


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Since you have tagged Ohio, and are asking about criminal fraud, the relevant laws contained in Chapter 2913 of the Ohio Revised Code, specifically sections 2913.01 (Definitions) and 2913.02 (Theft). From a brief read through, the answer appears to be "yes in theory, but not clearly, and even if so, hard to prove". (Disclaimer, I am not a lawyer). ...


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The law as you see it today is the product of its history. 18 USC 1343 descends from the Communications Act of 1934 which created the FCC, as an amendment to an existing law that regulated wire and broadcast communications is criminalizing acts which take place in this newly carved-out chunk of federal authority, "by means of wire, radio, or television ...


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The medium is the source of Congress’s power to create a federal offence. The Commerce Clause gives Congress the power “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States.” So, the wire fraud statute prohibits frauds committed “by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises … transmitted by means of wire, radio, ...


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